The recruitment, transport, transfer, harboring, or receipt of living or deceased persons or their cells, tissues, or organs, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving to, or the receiving by, a third party of payments or benefits to achieve the transfer of control over the potential donor, for the purpose of exploitation by the removal of cells, tissues, and organs for transplantation (2009).
Organ trafficking has become an emerging global health issue within the past fifty to sixty years, and has been associated with countries across the world, from regions of Asia to the Middle East, Latin America, South Africa, Eastern Europe, and the United States. The relationship begins with the buyer and seller, but many others are quick to get involved, from surgeons to traffickers to the brokers who serve as middlemen in the trade (Scheper-Hughes 2013).
But what exactly is driving this recent surge in illegal trafficking? Beyond the fact that recipients simply have a greater chance of survival when their organs come from living donors, and that—with the exception of Iran—there is no regulated legal market for organ trade, nearly every driving factor that has contributed to this black market boom can be traced back to tightly linked growing divides: (1...
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...organs trafficking.” Body &
Society 7(2-3): 31-62. Accessed January 9, 2014. doi: 10.1177/1357034X0100700203.
---. 2007. “The tyranny of the gift: sacrificial violence in living donor transplants.”
American Journal of Transplantation 7: 507-11. Accessed January 9, 2014. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2006.01679.x.
---. 2013. “Organ trafficking: a protected crime.” The Conversation, September 3.
World Health Organization, “WHO Guiding Principles on Human Cell, Tissue, and
Organ Transplantation,” 1991, amended May 2010. http://www.who.int/transplantation/Guiding_PrinciplesTransplantation_WHA63.22en.pdf.
World Health Organization, “Global Glossary of Terms and Definitions on Donation
and Transplantation,” 2009. http://www.who.int/transplantation/activities/GlobalGlossaryonDonationTransplantation.pdf.
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