Essay about Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory and its Application in Practice

Essay about Orem’s Self Care Deficit Theory and its Application in Practice

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One of the theories of nursing is Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory, also called the self-care deficit theory. Nursing theories are important for several reasons. The profession is strengthened when knowledge is built on sound theory (Black, 2014). Theory is important for reasoning, thinking, decision-making, and supporting excellence in practice (Black, 2014). Dorothea Orem’s theory is a conceptual model that provides a structure for critical thinking in the nursing process (Black, 2014). A conceptual model provides a comprehensive and holistic perspective of nursing (Black, 2014). Orem published her theory in 1959 and continued to develop her model, eventually formalizing three interrelated theories: theory of self-care, theory of self-care deficit, and theory of nursing system (Black, 2014). The focus of Orem’s model is the patient’s self-care capacity. The process helps to design a nursing process specific to each patient that will provide for the self-care deficit of the patient (Black, 2014). Self-care deficits exist when the patient has limitations and the self-care requirement is greater than he patient’s capacity (Manzini & Simonetti, 2009).
Orem’s theory is based on self-care requisites, which are basic needs of individuals at all stages of life. The ability or lack of ability of a patient to provide these self-care requisites for himself determines the self-care deficit (Black, 2014). The ability of a patient to provide his own self-care is dependent on factors such as age, gender, current state of health, and sociocultural factors (Caetano & Pagliuca, 2006). The self-care deficit Is then used to design a nursing plan that meets the patients’ needs (Black, 2014). Self-care requisites can be divided into three categories...


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...are and hiv/aids patients: nursing care systematization.
Revisto Latino-Americana Enfermagen, 14(3), 336-345. Retrieved from
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0104-11692006000300006
Sampaio, C., & Guedes, M. (2012). Nursing process as a strategy in the development of
competence for self-care. Acta Paulista de Enfermagen, 25(spe2), 96-103. Retrieved from http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-21002012000900015
Black, B. (2014). Professional nursing: Concepts and challenges. (7 ed., pp. 266-282). St. Louis,
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Gonzalo, A. (2011). Dorothea e. Orem the self-care deficit nursing theory. Retrieved from
http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/dorothea-e-orem.html
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http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/application_self_care_deficit_theory.html

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