In 1952, Hochbaum and his colleagues from the United States developed a health belief model to explain and predict preventive health behaviours (Hochbaum, Rosenstock, & Kegels, 1952). According to this model, an individual mush perceive that he/she is susceptible to a disease, the disease is serious and there are effective interventions which bring benefits to him/her in order to have successful intervention for the disease. Applying this model to ECC, a mother mush believe that her child is susceptible to ECC, primary teeth are important and caries is serious and preventable. She also need to believe that caries is preventable by limiting the sugar consumption and promoting oral hygiene to their children to prevent ECC. AAPD suggested that first dental appointment of children should occur within six months of their first tooth eruption, but this should not be later than their first birth day (American Academy on Pediatric Dentistry, 2008). Evidence suggested that brushing more than once a day and brushing teeth with the assistance of adults are effective t...
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...ed their own teeth without assistance by adults and 16.7% did not brush their teeth daily. The study also proved that Māori parents were more likely to be unaware of the free dental services from school. The author suggested that the distance and lack of adequate transport to public dental clinics prevented the Māori children from accessing regular dental check (Te Amo, 2007).
Overall, all studies consistently revealed that knowledge levels of caregivers on preschool oral health and hygiene habits were very poor across New Zealand. Underutilisation of Community Oral Health Service were also found due to poor knowledge and transport problems, especially in Māori and Pacific populations. New Zealand Oral Health Survey in 2009 also revealed that Māori and Pacific peoples do not have to same access to routine dental care as other ethnic groups (Ministry of Health, 2010).
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