Optimism is a mode of thinking that can more than likely be conceptualized on a continuum. (Hecht, 2013) Optimism is primarily a positive attitude about the future and the tendency to anticipate favorable outcomes to real life situations. (Scheir & Carver, 1985) Optimism is also considered to be hopefulness and confidence about the future or the successful outcomes of something. This could be considered thinking positively of any situation. (Seligman, 1998) However, optimism depends on how an individual feels about what is desirable and what is not. (Diehl, 2001) “Optimism can be defined as a mood or even an attitude associated with an expectation about the social or material future. One in which the evaluator regards to his advantage or for his pleasure.” (Seligman, 1998) Theories also characterize optimism as having a goal-oriented mindset, a positive expectation, and a factor that can be motivated and motivating to the self. Therefore, optimism is a belief or disposition that something good will occur. (Diehl, 2001)
Optimism plays a critical role in the initiation of goal directed behavior. Self-regulation is the process through which people tend to focus primarily on controlling and directing their actions in the way of goal achievement. (Fiske & Taylor...
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...th the negative and the positive, which is a problem for an optimist. (Seligman, 1998) A downfall of optimism can sometimes be unbearable. (Carroll, Sweeney, & Shepperd, 2006)
A few disadvantages that I have experienced while possessing the trait of optimism came from being overly confident when making financial decisions and procrastinating. In my past I have procrastinated on a few assignments because I believed that I could do it at the last minute and still get a good grade. Being too optimistic about my school work caused me to do not get the good grade that I wanted. Over time, I do feel that this changed me. Unrealistic optimism played a central role in my disappointments, but I feel that it was also for the better. Because my optimism was learned, I feel there are still a few changes that need to be made as far as my thinking style.
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