Throughout the years females have undergone tremendous amounts of oppression. From our limited roles in society, to our confinements at home, we were seen nothing more than the lesser sex. Compared to males we were the inferior gender, in terms of knowledge, physicality, and stature. Now, one would ask why? What logical reason would make sense to explain this kind of thinking. Most feminists would argue it’s due to misogyny; the hatred of women. Looking through all of history, is it accurate enough to say that the oppression that females have undergone is the result of hatred. The answer that I would like to argue is no. I won’t exclude the idea that there may have been some hate, but to say the limited roles and oppression that females have undergone such, as the time in the Greco Roman period, isn’t completely true. This reason being, for whatever reason that we are seen as the inferior sex, is due to demography. The occurrence in the past that developed the idea that we are the weaker, less knowledgeable, and dependent sex . With that said, limited roles of women in the Greco-Roman world compared to modern west was caused more by the societies; limitations in terms of technology, economy, and the extremely high birth rates of that time. (In other words demographics).
To begin, high birthrates was a necessary method in maintaining population size. According to Philip Longman, the reason why humans have not gone extinct many years ago is due to Patriarchy. He explains that men were given more power to essentially encourage them to invest in having families. In a society where getting married and raising children was highly valued, men competed with one another based on how many children they had and ...
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... and spent some of their time reading. In the hellenistic age there is more evidence of females from this time breaking out of the ideal role, and in some sense creating that stepping stone for future female roles. So females weren’t completely tied to the role of a housewife, even though it was encouraged due to demographics, there was some acceptance of females being more, such as doctor, harpist, philosopher, or politician. With that said, there is actual evidence that not all females were confined to that specific role and the fact that there was some acceptance from the society, means males were accepting of it too, as well as their husbands. Therefore, this proves that it is not the intention of controlling women limiting their options, as misogyny would support, but the needs of the society and how there was not enough variation of roles to make an example of.
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