The Opinion And Universally Accepted Of The Scientific Methods Essay

The Opinion And Universally Accepted Of The Scientific Methods Essay

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Are the Views of Peirce the Most Objective and Universally Accepted of the Scientific Methods?
Envision a world in which there was insufficient scientific method for the attainment of knowledge. For ages, humankind has struggled with the idea of how one obtains knowledge, if for nothing more, than to learn efficiency in its acquisition. Without Descartes ' reasoned arguments of rationalism, Hume would not likely have been so inspired to formulate his counter argument of empiricist thought. Without Peirce 's Scientific Philosophy, and his advancement of Hume 's empiricism, scientific progress would have been greatly slowed. As the founder of pragmatism, and author of the "Pragmatist 's Maxim," Peirce defined how we think about knowledge, how we test our knowledge, and why we have an inbred desire to obtain the facts about truth and reality. Thomas Kuhn would later make many arguments as to why Peirce 's view of science was perhaps somewhat naive in how "normal science" is advanced, but it is believed that even after a strenuous argument by Kuhn, Peirce 's Maxim will continue to stand out as the most objective, and universally accepted method to date.
Before we can hear Kuhn 's arguments, we must understand the basic philosophy of Peirce, so that we can draw a logical argument on behalf of Kuhn. Peirce believed that it was okay to sometimes make mistakes during scientific endeavors and that sometimes our belief systems may change as a result of discovering these mistakes. In actuality, he believed it was the experience gained from mistakes that caused real learning to take place. Peirce did not believe that we should be global skeptics, but "contrite fallibility." Peirce gave humankind a solid and practic...

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...ed light on how the scientific community works in reality. However, one would argue that what Kuhn actually described was a type of scientific system, rather than a scientific method. Peirce was focusing on a method to test hypothesis, and advance individual questions that would eventually build up to advanced scientific knowledge. Kuhn described a system that might possibly reject ones work, no matter what its merit was. In response to Kuhn 's Paradigm 's, J.C. Polkinghorne stated that, "They should not, however, cause us to neglect the observations of those who are actually players. The overwhelming impression of the participants is that they are investing in the way things are. Discovery is the name of the game." In other words, the foundations that Peirce laid out in his scientific method, is arguably the most basic foundation of scientific testing and knowledge.

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