Envision a world in which there was insufficient scientific method for the attainment of knowledge. For ages, humankind has struggled with the idea of how one obtains knowledge, if for nothing more, than to learn efficiency in its acquisition. Without Descartes ' reasoned arguments of rationalism, Hume would not likely have been so inspired to formulate his counter argument of empiricist thought. Without Peirce 's Scientific Philosophy, and his advancement of Hume 's empiricism, scientific progress would have been greatly slowed. As the founder of pragmatism, and author of the "Pragmatist 's Maxim," Peirce defined how we think about knowledge, how we test our knowledge, and why we have an inbred desire to obtain the facts about truth and reality. Thomas Kuhn would later make many arguments as to why Peirce 's view of science was perhaps somewhat naive in how "normal science" is advanced, but it is believed that even after a strenuous argument by Kuhn, Peirce 's Maxim will continue to stand out as the most objective, and universally accepted method to date.
Before we can hear Kuhn 's arguments, we must understand the basic philosophy of Peirce, so that we can draw a logical argument on behalf of Kuhn. Peirce believed that it was okay to sometimes make mistakes during scientific endeavors and that sometimes our belief systems may change as a result of discovering these mistakes. In actuality, he believed it was the experience gained from mistakes that caused real learning to take place. Peirce did not believe that we should be global skeptics, but "contrite fallibility." Peirce gave humankind a solid and practic...
... middle of paper ...
...ed light on how the scientific community works in reality. However, one would argue that what Kuhn actually described was a type of scientific system, rather than a scientific method. Peirce was focusing on a method to test hypothesis, and advance individual questions that would eventually build up to advanced scientific knowledge. Kuhn described a system that might possibly reject ones work, no matter what its merit was. In response to Kuhn 's Paradigm 's, J.C. Polkinghorne stated that, "They should not, however, cause us to neglect the observations of those who are actually players. The overwhelming impression of the participants is that they are investing in the way things are. Discovery is the name of the game." In other words, the foundations that Peirce laid out in his scientific method, is arguably the most basic foundation of scientific testing and knowledge.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Ever asked a question or made an educated guess. These are the beginning steps of the ongoing process of techniques known as the scientific method. The scientific method is used by many scientists to observe the world’s nature and formulate theories. This method includes several steps that involve different forms of reasoning and concludes to either theories or laws. The steps to the scientific method are fairly easy for a scientist, but can be a long process. The very first step to a scientific method is asking a question.... [tags: Scientific method, Theory, Reasoning, Hypothesis]
700 words (2 pages)
- The following essay will discuss falsification, as discussed by Karl Popper, as well has his account of the scientific method. The idea whether any scientific theory can truly be falsified will also be approached by looking at the problems presented by Popper’s theory of falsification, and the impact this has on the scientific method and science as a whole. Popper believes that science does not begin with the collection of empirical data, but starts with the formulation of a hypothesis (Veronesi, 2014, p1).... [tags: Scientific method, Falsifiability, Theory]
1598 words (4.6 pages)
- The Beauty of Love “Love is universally accepted by many people and the concept of love within the English language refers to a variety of different approaches, states and attitudes, ranging from pleasure to interpersonal attraction.” (Kendrick 123) My characterization of love encourages the intimate emotion I partake for my family. The distinct connection that we fashioned and the invaluable moments that we consolidated. In the perceptive of a mother, my children are my supremacy and the greatest blessing of my lifecycle.... [tags: Love, Interpersonal relationship, Friendship]
1191 words (3.4 pages)
- In the food industry, plant-derived protein, such as soy protein, is being used as an economical replacement for animal-derived proteins, such as whey and casein, but limitations occur due to the functionality and stability of these proteins in different applications (Pasupuleti and Demain 2010). Protein concentrates contain 50-80% protein, while protein isolates contain greater than 90% protein (Hui 2007). Soy protein isolates are utilized in bakery goods to add texture and emulsification properties with minimal change to the color and flavor of the food (Riaz 1999).... [tags: Scientific Research, Food Industry]
1394 words (4 pages)
- The Power of the Scientific Method Introduction The field of psychology makes use of a diverse number of methods to make elaborative and inclusive solutions to problems that have been encountered. In science, it is commonly agreed that there is no perfect method which could solve any problem effectively. Some methods are considered as more befitting than others, depending on the circumstances. Psychology, in particular, is associated with the innate understanding of the psychical and behavioral nature of human beings.... [tags: Scientific method, Science, Theory, Hypothesis]
1135 words (3.2 pages)
- Scientific realism is defined in terms of the truth of empirically proven scientific theories. A scientific realist is someone who thinks that all scientific theories aim to describe the universe as it is. Scientific realists believe the claim that there is true progress in science and whether the unobservable entities explained by science can really be taken as truth. The distinction between observable and unobservable entities is reflected by the human senses. For instance, a scientific realist believes in the existence of electrons because of empirical data despite not being able to see an electron with human senses.... [tags: Scientific method, Science, Philosophy of science]
1685 words (4.8 pages)
- The preamble of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) proclaims that the rights discussed in the document are "a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations." This document, along with the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), are meant to be global agreements that span all cultures and traditions. These documents however do not live up to their intent.... [tags: Human Rights Essays]
2479 words (7.1 pages)
- In the eyes of René Descartes, the scientific method is a systematic approach to the acquisition, testing, and acceptance of knowledge. Through his Discourse on Method, Descartes outlines what is, in his opinion, the most reliable means of scientific inquiry. That is, using pure reason and rationale to reach undeniably valid conclusions. This is evident in the way he presents his procedure for conducting scientific endeavors. He states that one must begin with skepticism towards all of the commonly accepted scientific ‘truths’ (Descartes, Discourse Part 5, Section 41).... [tags: Scientific method, Epistemology, Reasoning]
1221 words (3.5 pages)
- The Scientific Method is the standardized procedure that scientists are supposed to follow when conducting experiments, in order to try to construct a reliable, consistent, and non-arbitrary representation of our surroundings. To follow the Scientific Method is to stick very tightly to a order of experimentation. First, the scientist must observe the phenomenon of interest. Next, the scientist must propose a hypothesis, or idea in which the experiments will be based around. Then, through repeated experimentation, the hypothesis can either be proven false or become a theory.... [tags: science scientific method]
1168 words (3.3 pages)
- Scientific method what comes to mind. Do we start thinking of some type of formal process that will answer all our scientific questions or problems. When I was in school many years ago, we were taught that scientists go through a series of steps to find a solution to a problem or find evidence to support or disprove a theory. It all seemed rather cold, and formal. Going back to school, school has taught me that science has undergone significant changes and has moved away from the rigidity of a fixed series of steps in what was formerly called the scientific method.... [tags: Education Scientific Method Science]
1166 words (3.3 pages)