Operant Conditioning And The Conditioning Essay

Operant Conditioning And The Conditioning Essay

Length: 1022 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

There are two types of learning, one is operant conditioning, and the other is classical conditioning. Operant behaviour is behaviour that is controlled through consequences. Operant conditioning consists of a behaviour, consequence (reinforcement or punishment) and likelihood of (staddon & cerutti, 2003). Skinner, who came up with this theory based his ideologies on the work of Thorndike, who had studied learning on animals using a puzzle box. He proposed the theory known as ‘the law of effect’ (Catania, 1999). From this skinner developed operant conditioning as he had set out to identify the processes which made certain behaviours more or less likely to occur.
Skinner tested animals by placing them in skinner boxes and allowed them to explore their surroundings. To him, the best way to reinforce the behaviour with the necessary speed was to use a conditioned reinforce. This is a signal which the animal has observed in association with food (skinner, 1951). He had identified three types of responses which he had expected to see. The first was neutral operant which was that there would be no increase or decrease in probability of the behaviour being repeated. The second was reinforces which was a response that would increase the probability of the behaviour being repeated. These would be either positive or negative. The third behaviour was punishers, which would in turn decrease the likelihood of a behaviour being repeated. In Skinners experiment the punishment imposed a painful stimulus and the rats were given electric shocks.
When the animal had accidently pressed a lever that supplied food, which was a positive reinforcement, they quickly learned to repeat that behaviour in order to have food. A positive reinforcement is ...


... middle of paper ...


...ere are punishments or reinforcements, these are dependent on the response occurring. In contrast, in classical conditioning the unconditioned stimulus follows the conditioned one during the training regardless of whether or not the conditioned response had occurred. In this case, the conditioned response is under control of a stimulus event which then precedes the response rather than one that follows it.
To conclude, the learning theory of attachment consists of key components such as operant and classical conditioning in order for it to be proven. There are many studies and researches that have proven that the theory does in fact work. Although most of the studies are tested on animals, there is evidence to support the theory also applies to humans. This theory is the complete opposite to Bowlby’s theory who suggested that attachment is evolutionary and innate.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Classical Conditioning And Operant Conditioning Essays

- In psychology, there are countless approaches to how a subject could learn something; in this paper, however, we are going to talk about the classical conditioning, operant condition and also the application of it in the reality. First of all, we are going to discuss the differences between classical conditioning and operant conditioning. Classical conditioning is when unconditioned stimulus gets paired with conditioned stimulus so that the subject could learn it. However, the learners have to have neutral mindset about the conditioned stimulus in order to for it to be considered as classical conditioning....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1125 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Operant Conditioning And Operant Behavior

- Learning can be quantified through observable behaviour and is adaptive to a creature’s specific environment at an individual level rather than species level. Behaviour can be broken down into two main categories, respondent behaviour, which is impacted by events that preceded it and operant behaviour, which is behaviour that is influenced by events that follow it. Behaviour can be analysed using a three term contingency of ABC. A is the antecedent, which can increase or decrease a behaviour depending on what is desired, B is the observed behaviour and C is the consequence of that behaviour, certain consequences increase behaviour whilst some decrease it....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning And Cognitive Learning Essay

- Knowledge and skills come from experience and study, and therefore a lot of the things we learn are from what we observe. In psychology, learning is divided into 3 different parts, so this essay will elaborate on them. The three are; classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and cognitive learning. First, the Classical Condition is characterised by the things that are not learned; that we are born responding to. Also, in the classical conditioning there is the neutral stimulus that causes a sensory response such as being seen, heard, or smelled....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
763 words (2.2 pages)

Classical Conditioning Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

- From the time we are born to the time we die, we learn new things every day, everyone knows that if you learn something new a day then you are doing okay. However, what most people do not know is how we learn and how our minds become disciplined while we are learning. There are two ways that we, as humans, learn new things. One is called classical conditioning. Classical Conditioning is a process where one object is connected with another object that generates a certain response. The second way is call operant conditioning, which is more commonly used....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
979 words (2.8 pages)

Operant Conditioning And The Second Method Essay

- In every day life, people and animals alike are always being conditioned to learn. Weather we are learning to enhance bad behaviors, pesky habits, or things we aren’t necessarily conscious of doing. The methods used to be conditioned can be quite broad, but lets narrow them down to two main topics. The first is Classical conditioning, and the second method is Operant Conditioning. During the course of this paper, I will compare and contrast both methods while showing you their similarities and differences as well....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1120 words (3.2 pages)

Classical Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

- Classical and operant conditioning are similar in many different ways. They’re both the same by the learning that can be affected by the consistency frequency and time of the admiration. Classical conditioning pairs two stimuli and operant conditioning pairs behavior and the response. They can both phase acquisition and extinction and that may also be reversed by using other conditioning skills. These two conditioning each have their own differences by their different methods they use. Classical conditioning is a large type of learning that has to do with a major influence on the process that occurs through associations between an environmental stimulus and a naturally occurring stimulus....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
902 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Classical Vs. Operant Conditioning

- Learning Learning is defined by psychologists as any change that occur in behavior due to experience. The behaviorism theory says that learning is the same for animals or humans. There are two type of learning: associative learning, which occurs when an individual put in relation two event, and the observational learning, which happens with observations and imitations. Conditioning, which is the procedure of learning the connection in the associative learning, is divided in classical and operant conditioning....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1682 words (4.8 pages)

The Effects Of Operant Conditioning On Disordered Eating Essays

- Many efforts to address emotional eating have emphasized the importance of effective mood regulations skills to enhance one’s ability to tolerate stress or negative mood without using food to cope (Telch, Agras, & Linehan, 2001). Only within the past 20 years has research focused on applying more traditional learning processes to the development and maintenance of emotional eating. The primary difference between these perspectives, as exemplified by the Davidson model, is the de-emphasis of cognitions and motivations for eating (e.g., to escape negative mood) in the learning models, such as the classical conditioning model....   [tags: Classical conditioning, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1230 words (3.5 pages)

Operant Conditioning And The Conditioning Essay

- There are two types of learning, one is operant conditioning, and the other is classical conditioning. Operant behaviour is behaviour that is controlled through consequences. Operant conditioning consists of a behaviour, consequence (reinforcement or punishment) and likelihood of (staddon & cerutti, 2003). Skinner, who came up with this theory based his ideologies on the work of Thorndike, who had studied learning on animals using a puzzle box. He proposed the theory known as ‘the law of effect’ (Catania, 1999)....   [tags: Operant conditioning, Classical conditioning]

Better Essays
1022 words (2.9 pages)

Operant Vs. Operant Conditioning Essay

- The information processing theory explains that the material that we come across travels from sensory storage to working memory and lastly to long term memory (Snowman & McCown, 2015) The long term memory is a permanent storehouse of knowledge, so once the material has reached that region, students can then easily recall and retrieve the familiar information (Snowman & McCown, 2015). This concept is different from the operant condition theory in several ways. For example, operant condition theory is more of a behavioral learning method that’s focused on rewards from the environment and constant reinforcement to help strengthen positive behavior (Snowman & McCown, 2015)....   [tags: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
873 words (2.5 pages)