Skinner tested animals by placing them in skinner boxes and allowed them to explore their surroundings. To him, the best way to reinforce the behaviour with the necessary speed was to use a conditioned reinforce. This is a signal which the animal has observed in association with food (skinner, 1951). He had identified three types of responses which he had expected to see. The first was neutral operant which was that there would be no increase or decrease in probability of the behaviour being repeated. The second was reinforces which was a response that would increase the probability of the behaviour being repeated. These would be either positive or negative. The third behaviour was punishers, which would in turn decrease the likelihood of a behaviour being repeated. In Skinners experiment the punishment imposed a painful stimulus and the rats were given electric shocks.
When the animal had accidently pressed a lever that supplied food, which was a positive reinforcement, they quickly learned to repeat that behaviour in order to have food. A positive reinforcement is ...
... middle of paper ...
...ere are punishments or reinforcements, these are dependent on the response occurring. In contrast, in classical conditioning the unconditioned stimulus follows the conditioned one during the training regardless of whether or not the conditioned response had occurred. In this case, the conditioned response is under control of a stimulus event which then precedes the response rather than one that follows it.
To conclude, the learning theory of attachment consists of key components such as operant and classical conditioning in order for it to be proven. There are many studies and researches that have proven that the theory does in fact work. Although most of the studies are tested on animals, there is evidence to support the theory also applies to humans. This theory is the complete opposite to Bowlby’s theory who suggested that attachment is evolutionary and innate.
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