Focussing initially on Aquinas’s criticism of Descartes argument, we start by focussing on what we define as God. Aquinas argues that “Perhaps not everyone who hears this word "God" understands it to signify something than which nothing greater can be thought”, thus Descartes’ argument is only plausible for those who view God in the same light that he does. Nevertheless, this criticism is easy to solve. If we replace the word “God” with “a being than which none greater can be conceived”, then we instead establish that a being of which none greater can be conceived exists, and we naturally assume that this being is God. Nonetheless, Aquinas continues with a second flaw in Descartes argument, the lack of establishment between physical and mental existence. In light of Aquinas’ criticis...
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...t to be would be a contradiction, for instance, ‘a bachelor is an unmarried man’; A bachelor, by definition is an unmarried man therefore ‘an unmarried man is an unmarried man’. Therefore, to claim ‘an unmarried man is not an unmarried man’ is a contradiction, therefore based on pure reason this statement is true regardless of sense experience. However, Hume claims that “There is no being, therefore, whose non-existence implies a contradiction.” Consequently, God cannot be proved existent on a priori grounds and Descartes argument fails. Nevertheless, an rationalist may argue that Gods existence is a priori synthetic knowledge, undermining Hume’s criticism. Howbeit, as previously addressed with reference to Aquinas, God is not always considered a ‘perfect’ being, thus his existence cannot be true by definition, therefore, it cannot be an a priori truth.
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- In the 11th century St. Anselm of Canterbury wrote the Prosologion, where he formulated the ontological argument of God’s existence. The beginning of his argument begins with propositions that do not rely on experience to believe that God’s existence is tangible. Furthermore, throughout Anselm’s argument he portrays logical and rational statements to show strong evidence of God’s existence (Oppy, par. 2). The main focus of this ontological argument is to counter the fool’s belief that there is no God, in this case the fool being Gaunilo.... [tags: Ontology, Ontological argument, Existence]
1092 words (3.1 pages)
- Explain the reasoning of the Ontological argument as a proof for the existence of God. Ontological arguments, by their nature attempt to prove the existence of God using deductive reasoning to a point of logical necessity. Constructed as an a priori proof Anselm’s ontological argument works from a position of faith in an attempt to strengthen his belief in the existence of God. Anselm asks the question, ‘can what I know about God, be thought of as correct?’ However, the argument does, in some forms, attempt to prove the existence of God reductio ad absurdum.... [tags: Ontology, Ontological argument, Logic, God]
1025 words (2.9 pages)
- In Meditation V, Descartes presents what is now considered the Ontological argument for the existence of God. Descartes claims that as the idea of a “supremely perfect being [God], is one which I find within me just as surely as the idea of any shape or number”, the essence of this idea itself is evidence of God, as for something to be perfect it must exist. Of course, this argument is open to many attacks from those such as Aquinas, Kant, Leibniz, Gaunilo and Hume. Furthermore, Descartes undermines himself with his previous meditations, for instance, in Meditation II, he claims we must question “what is reasonable”, as we do not already know.... [tags: Ontology, Existence, Metaphysics, Logic]
1286 words (3.7 pages)
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1372 words (3.9 pages)
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- Intro Throughout this essay, a question will present itself as to if the ontological argument can be accepted. To accomplish the task at hand, we shall analyze; firstly, the ontological argument from both Anselm and Descartes. Secondly, we shall discuss the argument for the existence of Fido, and why it does and does not look reasonable (which will answer (i)). Afterwards, questions (ii) and (iii) will be answered, followed by a rejection of the ontological argument from Gaunilo, and then an argument in the defence of the ontological argument from the Internet.... [tags: Metaphysics, Ontology, Existence, Reality]
1260 words (3.6 pages)
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986 words (2.8 pages)
- The Major Features of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument for the existence of God was originally set out in eleventh century by St. Anselm in his Proslogian. Anselm was a Benedictine monk, Archbishop of Canterbury, and one of the great medieval theologians. It has received a lot of both support and criticism from leaning philosophers. The argument is appeals to those who already believe in the existence of God than to an atheist. The argument is entirely a priori; it seeks to demonstrate that God exists on the basis of that concept alone, and show existence as an attribute/characteristic of God, in the same way omnipotence a... [tags: Papers]
1019 words (2.9 pages)
- Due to the preconceptions I have concerning Anselm’s Ontological Argument, as learnt through course research and lectures. I will like Descartes in his ‘First Meditation’, put these preconceptions to one side and present an essay that explores both sides of the argument in an attempt to reach an independent conclusion. However, I hope to reach the same conclusion as I had before – that is, that the Ontological Argument can be refuted on the basis that there exists a fundamental dissimilarity between the concept of existence in our minds, and that of existence in reality.... [tags: existence of god, ontological argument, descartes]
1515 words (4.3 pages)