Essay about The Ontological Argument For God 's Existence

Essay about The Ontological Argument For God 's Existence

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Intro
Throughout this essay, a question will present itself as to if the ontological argument can be accepted. To accomplish the task at hand, we shall analyze; firstly, the ontological argument from both Anselm and Descartes. Secondly, we shall discuss the argument for the existence of Fido, and why it does and does not look reasonable (which will answer (i)). Afterwards, questions (ii) and (iii) will be answered, followed by a rejection of the ontological argument from Gaunilo, and then an argument in the defence of the ontological argument from the Internet. However, due to the time constraint I will not discuss in depth if the ontological argument can be modified, but rather I will state that any modification made would contradict and prove itself false. In the end, I will conclude by demonstrating as to why the ontological argument cannot be accepted.
The Ontological Argument from Anselm
The first Ontological Argument for God’s existence, was first proposed by Anselm, the first premise of the argument is that there cannot be something greater than God which can be conceived. The second premise is that beings can exist in the mind or in reality or in both, in addition, beings that exist in the mind and reality are greater than beings that only exist in the mind, which also happens to be the third premise of the argument. In the fourth premise, Anselm states that a fool (the atheist) thinks God only exists in his/her mind, additionally in the fifth premise it states that the fool contradicts itself for the reason being; if God only exists in the mind then God would not be the greatest being, as stated in premise three beings who exist in the mind and reality are greater than those who only exist in the mind. Therefore, the gr...


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... number of palm trees or beaches that an island could have because any island can be imagined to have one more palm tree and beach. Therefore, there is no island than which none is greater than can be conceived. Note the same cannot be true for God according to Anselm, and thus the critique of Gaunilo. Secondly, while Kant’s criticism of the ontological argument is mostly accepted, some have shown objections. One of which is to insert that an object exists can change the way we conceive of it.
Conclusion
In conclusion, it is clear that the ontological argument should be rejected, due to the critique by Kant (and in some respect by Gaunilo) and also the absurdness of the argument as exemplified by Fido-ism. While a modification of the argument is possible, it contradicts itself. Therefore, I conclude with confidence that the ontological argument should be rejected.

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