The Ontological Argument By St. Anselm And The Cosmological Argument Essay

The Ontological Argument By St. Anselm And The Cosmological Argument Essay

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One of the most important and commonly debated questions throughout history is whether a god exists. The answer to the question is one that is simple. Either a god exists or one does not exist. The existence of a god is a topic that philosophers have written about for ages, and will continue to write about. Two of the most well-known arguments for the existence of a god are; the Ontological Argument by St. Anselm and the Cosmological Argument by Thomas Aquinas. Each of the two arguments maintains a certain level of strength but nonetheless each has their weaknesses. The Ontological Argument, which is contained within Anselm’s Proslogion, begins with an assumption that is widely accepted by theists and atheists.
The Ontological Argument brings about the conclusion of a god’s existence through the framework of the mind, in that all people maintain some concept of a god. However, the Cosmological Argument derives the answer from the perspective of what created the universe. The primary question that the Cosmological Argument is trying to answer is what is the uncaused first cause of the universe, or what began the world. The Cosmological Argument has based the belief that the creation of everything in the universe is contingent upon something else, and it is an infinite cycle until the uncaused first cause. Anselm develops the Ontological Argument from a much different perspective than how Aquinas developed the Cosmological Argument.
The base premise of the Ontological Argument is that god is the best thing thinkable. This is a concept that is understood by both atheists and theists. If atheists and theists did not agree that a god is the best thing thinkable, Anselm’s argument would fall apart long before it gained any traction....

... middle of paper ... thinkable, which is commonly agreed to be god.
At some point or another, every person has pondered the existence of a god, and Anselm and Aquinas both do a good job arguing for the existence of some higher power. Each argument views the problem from a different perspective, but still manages to come to the same conclusion that a god or best thing thinkable or the uncaused first cause exists. Anselm may have minor flaws in the logical progression of his argument, but he still manages to lead to the conclusion of god’s existence. The perspective taken by Anselm is one that is difficult to follow, but when the argument is laid out in standard form and read over many times his thoughts begin to make sense. Anselm 's argument is not circular but instead, each premise leans on the previous premises to lead to the conclusion that the best thing thinkable or a god exists.

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