While many people may say that Wicca is based on the ancient fertility cults of earlier antiquity. It is in
fact a new religion founded by one Gerald Gardener. How does this affect us as a group? Where can we
see the evidence of Wicca in antiquity?
The evidence of early forms of spirituality or mystical tradition can be traced back to the ancient
mystery cults of Isis and Bast in Rome. As well as the many groups of Grecian mystery cults that revolved
around there own Gods and Goddesses. While the Druids were a secretive group who passed down all
of their knowledge by word of mouth, there do exist some insights to their routines; however, most of
these writings come from the Roman invasion and may be largely propagandist in nature. Let us not
forget the village midwife who I’m sure would dole out love potions, find water, forecast the weather
and heal the sick, for a small fee that is. How does all of this affect modern witchcraft?
The effect of this can be seen in the writings of John Dee (court astrologer to Queen Elizabeth) who -
developed the system of Enochian ceremonial magic (1570-1580). Mr. Dee may have gotten some of his
practices from the writings of Henry Cornelius Agrippa’s four books of Occult Philosophy (1486-1553).
These writings were sure to influence Crowley in his development of his own ceremonial tradition.
Crowley would later go on to influence the world of magick and mysticism through Gerald Gardner.
Gerald Gardener is touted as the creator of modern Wicca. Born in June of 1884, to a wealthy middle
class family in England. Gerald would grow...
... middle of paper ...
...history does not define us as a
people what truly defines a witch is her morals and her works. With that said I find the debate over
history to be a moot point. I have never really been fond of Gardner’s personality however; I can’t deny
that he is the father of modern witchcraft and I am grateful for all of his contributions.
Modern Wicca Michael Howard (Llewellyn publications 2009) pages 9-117
The Evolution of a World Religion Origins of Modern Witchcraft Ann Moura (Llewellyn Publications
2000) Page 39
Book of Shadows Author Unknown http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Shadows
Gerald Gardner and the Cauldron of Inspiration: An Investigation into the Source of Gardnarian
Witchcraft, Philip Hesetlon. 438 pages. Capall Bann Publishing, 2003. Milverton, Sumerset .Alex Sumner
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