On Epistemology and Skepticism Essay

On Epistemology and Skepticism Essay

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Epistemology is purposed with discovering and studying what knowledge is and how we can classify what we know, how we know it, and provide some type of framework for how we arrived at this conclusion. In the journey to identify what knowledge is the certainty principle was one of the first concepts that I learned that explained how we, as humans, consider ourselves to know something. The certainty concept suggests that knowledge requires evidence that is sufficient to rule out the possibility of error. This concept is exemplified in cases like The Gettier problem in the instance that we suppose (S) someone to know (P) a particular proposition. As Gettier established the Justified True Belief as a conceptual formula for knowledge, certainty can be understood with the proper perspective and background. The certainty principle explains that knowledge requires evidence to be “sufficient” to rule out the possibility of error. This means that what we determine to be acknowledged as “knowledge” must present justification in order to be accepted believed as knowledge. This is important because Skepticism doubts the validation of knowledge and how we come to any such conclusion of justifying what we “know” indubitably as knowledge. This is the overarching problem with skepticism. Instead of having a solid stance on how to define knowledge, skeptics simply doubt that a reason or proposition offered is correct and suppose it to be false or flawed in some manner. See the examples below as identifiers of the skeptic way of life.
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy defines skepticism as denial or doubt of a particular belief, fact, or action. Skepticism deals primarily with questioning knowledge from an opposing perspective and refrains f...


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...lse. Since the argument says one cannot know whether one is a brain in a vat, then one cannot know whether most of one's beliefs might be completely false. So, since it is impossible to rule out oneself being a brain in a vat, there cannot be good grounds for believing any of the things one believes and the skeptical argument argues that one certainly cannot know them, raising issues with the definition of knowledge. I disagree with Putnam’s refutation of skepticism because the Brains in a Vat concept does not work. As a brain will never be able to function solely and react to impulses being controlled by a mad scientist, the idea becomes unrealistic for me to conceptualize. Skepticism simply questions the validity of how knowledge is established. It simply asks the question why and offers doubt when many of the assertions made by Putnam are unrealistic in reality.

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