Dementia is not a specific disease. It is an overall term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person 's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer 's disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases found in older adults. Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common dementia type (van Knippenberg et al., 2016). Dementia is a condition of the brain, which causes a gradual loss of mental ability, including problems with memory, understanding, judgment, thinking and language. In addition, other problems commonly develop, such as changes in personality and changes in the way a person interacts with others in social situations. As dementia progresses, a person 's ability to look after themselves from day to day may also become affected (Barban et al., 2016). There are various causes of dementia. As of 2011, about 5.2 million persons in the United States had some form of dementia. Approximately 25% of all hospitalized patients over age 75 have dementia as a secondary diagnosis. Over the next 30 years, the number of patients with dementia is predicted to double, contributing to a further increase in the number of patients who may be hospitalized with dementia (Weitzel et al., 2011).
Dementia is caused by damage to brain cells. This damage interferes with the ability of the brain cells to communicate with each other. When brain cells cannot communicate normally, thinking, behavior and feelings can be affected. The brain has many distinct regions, each of which is responsible for different functions; for example, memory, judgment and movement. When cells in a particular reg...
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...activity for people in earlier stages of any progressive cognitive disorder. Moreover, the book can be used over and over again to stimulate reminiscences. A memory book can be an effective intervention for any individual with a dementia diagnosis. Aside from reminiscing, a memory book can also help engage social skills, as well as maintaining emotional wellbeing (2016). Through a memory book, problems such as memory loss, declination in verbal communication, and anxiety can be dissipated. Making a memory book can be an enjoyable and empowering activity for a person with dementia, which may enable greater interaction and open up communication between someone with dementia and their caregivers, family and friends. A memory book may be something that visitors can look through with a person, or professionals to learn more about the person they are providing care for.
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