From any type of situation, it is always best to start from the beginning. For the bible, that is the Old Testament. The Old Testament is the first section of the Christian Bible. The Old Testament consists of many distinct books written, compiled, and edited by various authors and different Christian religions, over a period of centuries. Each religion had a certain purpose and goal for their interpretation of God. The first five sections of the Old Testament present the Pentateuch, which is Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Genesis introduces the creation story, Exodus shows how God chose Moses to help Israel from slavery. Leviticus contains different laws God has placed on us. Numbers adds on to the laws and about the twelve tribes and their background. Deuteronomy sums up Moses’s meaning of the exodus events. These five sections are also called the five books of Moses because Moses wrote the Pentateuch under God.
Other scholars and sources criticized the Pentateuch. For instance, Jean Astruc, realized that the creation story in Genesis 1 used Hebrew word Elohim for God and for the second creation story, they named God Yahweh. Source criticism tried to investigate all the problems in the Pentateuch. The critic’s thought there was a “Yahweh” source and another called “Elohist” because of how they named God differently in each chapter. The “Priestly” source was discovered that critics found out that Genesis and Exodus were two completely separate writers. Each source presents four different views and our job, as the reader, is to untangle each source and try to connect them all together.
Boadt then goes more in depth with all four of the sources. First, the Yahwist, also kno...
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...lites to salvation and freedom. That is Exodus main theme. It is to show how God saves and glorifies us. We are very important to him and we are in charge of how we make this Earth.
Salvation is present in the Old Testament even with four different source writers, Yahwist, Elohist, Priestly, and Deuteronomy (presented in the book of Deuteronomy). In Genesis, we can see that deliverance from sin appears in stories such as Cain and Abel and Adam and Eve. In the middle of Genesis, Abraham, a noble hero makes mistakes along his way of leadership and God still is with him. Lastly in Exodus, Moses, another hero, helps his original people, the Hebrews, to freedom. He does well for his people, which represent salvation for God’s works on Earth. We are important in keeping God’s legacy alive. We want to have similar characteristics of God because he is almighty and knowing.
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