The actions taken by the citizens are purely based around fate, and in no way are related to doing things by choice. By knowing that the consequences of their actions are not controlled by themselves, the ancient Greek citizens realize that they will not be the cause of their problems, as fate takes over and controls the results of their actions, which ultimately leading to their downfall. There are many sources for the downfall of the characters, however, fate is uncontrollable and takes over any situation and causes problems. The one person who can relate to this the most is Oedipus, from the play, Oedipus the King,which was written by Sophocles. Despite attempts to take life into his own hands, the power of fate and gods/goddesses takes over Oedipus’ life, which not only reveals new character traits about Oedipus, but also leads him to his downfall.
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Based on the story of Oedipus from Oedipus the King, it is apparent that the successfulness of one’s life is relayed upon destiny. Oedipus was born with an unfortunate fate, which ultimately lead to his downfall. Despite his destiny, Oedipus attempts to change his fate, which is shown in the first act:
“‘TIRESIAS. None of you knows- and I will never reveal my dreadful secrets, not to say your own.’
OEDIPUS. ‘What? You know and you won’t tell? You’re bent on betraying us, destroying Thebes?’”
(Sophocles 1.375-1.377) In hopes of having the prophecy changed, Oedipus argues to Tiresias that what he was being told was a fib. At this point in the story, Oedipus was searching for answers of who murdered Laius, the former king of Thebes. Based on the actions Oedipus has taken during his argument with Tiresias, his true character traits are revealed. Oedipus...
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... that no matter what Oedipus does, there is no way of preventing fate from coming true. Although Oedipus cannot avert fate, the personalities of himself that were once hidden, have arisen. Oedipus reveals his stubbornness, anger, and determination (which comes with his cockiness) in attempts to change his fate. However, no matter what Oedipus does, his fate ends up being much stronger than his actions, which leads to his downfalls. There is nothing Oedipus could have done to prevent what has happened to him, as the roles of gods and goddesses also determined what would happen him. Oedipus believed that he could control his own actions, however, the gods and goddesses ultimately determine the fate that Oedipus wished to change. It becomes apparent that Oedipus’ personality traits and the actions taken by the gods and goddesses would cause his unpreventable downfall.
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