Sending humans to space is truly an amazing feat. It grips the imagination of young children and adults alike. Countless scientific discoveries have been made due to the use of astronauts. Despite all of the good space travel does it does not come without its dangers, much like that of early flight. One of the biggest dangers is Space radiation.
Without radiation life would not be a thing, I would not have written this essay and you would not be reading it. It is true, some radiation is good, and the most beneficial forms of radiation are parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. It provides us with heat (IR), the ability to see (visible light), and nice sun tans (UV). Radiation comes in two different forms: ionizing radiation and nonionizing radiation (Bevill 2014). Nonionizing radiation is not harmful to us, examples are provided earlier in this paragraph. Ionizing radiation is what astronauts h...
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... The high amounts of radiation may cause damage to the central nervous system as well. Some of the short term effects of radiation include nausea, vomiting, fatigue, skin injury, and changes to the white blood cell counts in the immune system (Boerma). These are all effects space radiation has on the human body and living cells, but what about technology? Astronauts depend on cutting edge technology and electronics to keep them alive. There are many satellites orbiting the earth right now, radiation has affected some of them. If particle radiation is strong enough it can penetrate a satellite and mess with the electronics. Many of the effects are minor but sometimes it can lead to the shutdown of vital systems (Smith 2014). These effects are often grouped into three categories: total ionizing dose, displacement damage, and single event effects (Smith 2014).
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