The interconnected confederation of city-states in ancient Greece during the time period the story too place demanded that no man be an island of his own. Every leader worked to develop his or her bonds with neighboring authorities in order to preserve or strengthen their influence on the portion of society they exercised dominion over. Telemachus is mentored by Athena, the goddess of wisdom, in his pursuit to learn more about his father’s whereabouts. Athena’s decision to guide Telemachus is an example of parental love as Athena clearly is the more prominent player in the game and loves him from a higher position of influence, as she mentors him on his short journey to discover his father. The alliance between Athena and Odysseus plays a pivotal role in the story and is formed through the love of Agape. This form of love is the same love that creates a dangerous rift between Odysseus and Poseidon ...
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...ods Zeus and Poseidon. Due to Odysseus’s benevolent reputation with Athena, she takes up the role of mentorship with his son Telemachus. The reputation of Odysseus bridges the gap between Athena and his son forming a bond of agape between to otherwise strangers. A positive reputation has the capability to form bonds of agape; likewise, a negative reputation stunts any future growth regarding malevolent relations.
Agape is the pivotal force driving complex interrelations between the characters of the first three books of the Odyssey. Trust, reputation and companionship are all key components that determine the magnitude of the agapeic bond between characters. If the bond of agape was rendered obsolete in the first three books, Telemachus would have never left Ithaca, Penelope would have remarried and the entire opening plot of the story would never have taken off.
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