Odysseus By Homer 's The Odyssey Essays

Odysseus By Homer 's The Odyssey Essays

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In Homer’s The Odyssey, the main protagonist, Odysseus, is trying to make his way home to Ithaca, ten years later, after the end of the Trojan War. Odysseus is portrayed as a hero throughout the epic; however, the events surrounding his heroism is with considerable help from the gods and goddess. Being a hero is defined as a person who is admired or idealized for courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities. Based on the play, there is evidence to suggest that Odysseus is not a hero as defined but that he relied on the help of the gods and goddess.
Poseidon, the god of the sea, is angered by the death of his son, the Cyclops. When Odysseus and his crew stopped off at the Cyclopes island on their way home from war, the cyclops, Polyphemus, begins terrorizing Odysseus’ men. Odysseus blinded him and boasted about the event. He sends storms against Odysseus and tries to wreak his ship in Book 5. While shipwrecked at sea, on a raft – which was aided by Athena – Poseidon sends another storm, washing Odysseus up on shore. Eventually, Odysseus is on another ship gifted to him by the Phaeacians, Poseidon turns the ship to stone and sinks while pulling into the harbor at Scheria. The idea that “a bad storm” can affect a well-trained soldier, such as Odysseus, makes no sense. Understanding Poseidon’s anger and frustration toward, Odysseus should be trained enough to battle a storm and get home safely. He is supposed to be the hero in this epic yet he can’t save himself without help from Athena.
Athena, the goddess of wisdom, protects Odysseus in order to ensure his safe journey home. She proves she’d go to great lengths to conceal his identity by changing Odysseus’ appearance to make him look more formidable than he normally wou...


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...his son all this time while having an affair with Calypso. Odysseus goes so far as to compare the beauty and love of Calypso to that of his wife, Penelope, saying that he was not spared the opportunity of being committed to his wife, referring to Calypso’s undeniable beauty. This evidence clearly supports the fact that Odysseus is not something to be idealized because adultery is not something worth being supported.
Being a hero is defined as a person who is admired or idealized for courage, outstanding achievements, or noble qualities. Odysseus, the protagonist of Homer’s The Odyssey, is not worthy of the title hero because the gods and goddesses intervene in his journey. As we can see, Odysseus relies on the help of Athena, Poseidon, and Hermes. He is not a hero, by any accounts, because he doesn’t help himself to save himself, to return home, to his wife and son.

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