Obsessive Compulsive Related Disorders: Body Dysmorphic Disorder Essay

Obsessive Compulsive Related Disorders: Body Dysmorphic Disorder Essay

Length: 1123 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a relatively common disorder that is categorized with Obsessive Compulsive related disorders. It is defined by the DSM-IV as the preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in physical appearance that is observable or appear slight to others (Wolrich, 2011) 3. These individuals focus on things such as their face, hair, skin, breast size, muscle size, and genitalia. A Body Dysmorphic Disorder diagnosis is categorized into two criteria. (Criteria A) consist of a individual having a preoccupation with one defect or flaw in their physical appearance, which they believe look ugly, unattractive, abnormal or deformed. (Criteria B) is comprised of obsessive repetitive behaviors or mental acts that are performed in response to the preoccupation ( American Psychiatric Association, 2013).The constant worrying related to this disorder causes some impairment to social, and professional aspects in the individual's life. These individuals have obsessive thoughts that involve agonizing thoughts, how a certain body part may appear to others, and of constant thoughts about appearance. Checking specific body parts, comparing body part to others, and camouflaging the area are some of the compulsive behaviors that people who are diagnosed perform. Suffers of this disorder also tend to stray from social situations for fear that they will be criticized. The individuals who suffer from this disorder have a lack of understanding of their condition; therefore they don’t realize that their way of thinking has become distorted. In severe cases they have delusions that people see them as they see themselves. The majority of Body Dysmorphic Disorder sufferers report feeling depressed, anxious, and hopeless due to, in part, the...


... middle of paper ...


... a Obsessive Compulsive related disorder. Prior to this recent change of the DSM-IV it was categorized with Somatoform Disorder.
The differences of how this disorder affects men and women are more similar than they are different. However, men are more likely to have a comorbid substance use disorder, and women are more likely to have a comorbid eating disorder along with their diagnosis of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (Didie, Kelly, & Phillips 2010). Normally, men develop problems like muscle dysmorphia, baldness, and their genitals. Whereas women have discrepancies with their body hair, weight, breast size, and their legs. Most the things that become issues for people who suffer from this disorder are minor things for other individuals. Studies show the women are more likely than men to participate in things such as skin picking and use of make-up as a camouflage.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Body Dsymorphic Disorder Essay

- Body Dysmorphic Disorder is a relatively common disorder that is categorized with Obsessive Compulsive related disorders. It is defined by the DSM-V as the preoccupation with an imagined or slight defect in physical appearance that is observable or appear slight to others (Wolrich, 2011). These individuals focus on things such as their face, hair, skin, breast size, muscle size, and genitalia. A Body Dysmorphic Disorder diagnosis is categorized into two criteria. Criteria A consist of an individual having a preoccupation with one defect or flaw in their physical appearance, which they believe to look ugly, unattractive, abnormal or deformed....   [tags: obsessive compulsive related disorders]

Better Essays
2030 words (5.8 pages)

Society and Mental Illness: Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

- Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disorder with episodes of recurring and persistent thoughts and compulsive behaviors that interfere with a person's daily life. These obsessive thoughts often cause the patient extreme fear and anxiety, and the compulsive, repetitive behaviors are performed to alleviate the distress and anxiety. OCD sufferers worry and fear that something bad may happen if they do not engage in their repetitive behaviors. OCD does not produce any pleasure or enjoyment for these patients....   [tags: treatment, mental disorders]

Better Essays
1044 words (3 pages)

Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

- Anorexia Nervosa and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder often found in young adolescent women, that has been characterized by a distorted attitude towards weight and body image, a set of behaviors calculated to produce weight loss and other physiological and psychological symptoms. Physiological symptoms include (according to the DSM III- R criteria) starvation, amenorrhoea, and a refusal to maintain weight above 85% of their ideal weight. Psychological symptoms include an obsessive pursuit of thinness, along with obvious body preoccupation, and an incessant rumination about food....   [tags: Essays on Eating Disorders]

Better Essays
3206 words (9.2 pages)

Obsession and Compulsion Are the Key Features in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

- Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder explained by Cockerham as having both biological and psychological causes playing a role (2011). The disorder is often accompanied by two main features, the AllPsych website states: Key features of this disorder include obsessions (persistent, often irrational, and seemingly uncontrollable thoughts) and compulsions (actions which are used to neutralize the obsessions) (2011). In the journal article, Understanding Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Students: Symptoms and School-Based Interventions, they state, “Common obsessions in children and adolescents include intrusive fears related to germs, contamination, harming oneself or others, and...   [tags: germs, mental, medical]

Better Essays
976 words (2.8 pages)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Essay

- There are many mental illnesses and disorders that affect millions of people lives. One such disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), typically manifests in men during the late teen years and in women during the early twenties. In the past, OCD has been difficult to diagnose, with a range of symptoms making a diagnosis more difficult. In addition, there are a variety of different therapies and treatments that can be adopted in order to alleviate the symptoms and help a patient return to a somewhat normal life....   [tags: Essays on Anxiety Disorders]

Better Essays
1066 words (3 pages)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essays

- ... OCD signs and symptoms: Compulsive behaviors Common compulsive behaviors in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) include:  Excessive double-checking of things, such as locks, appliances, and switches.  Repeatedly checking in on loved ones to make sure they’re safe.  Counting, tapping, repeating certain words, or doing other senseless things to reduce anxiety.  Spending a lot of time washing or cleaning.  Ordering or arranging things “just so.”  Praying excessively or engaging in rituals triggered by religious fear....   [tags: anxiety disorders, psychology]

Better Essays
1242 words (3.5 pages)

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Essay

- The human brain is a very powerful piece of structure; it is truly limitless when speaking about its potential. With a functional organ comes a dysfunctional possibility. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, (OCD), for instance, is nervousness in the mind. OCD is an anxiety disorder caused by repetitive intrusive thoughts and behaviors. It is a mental disorder marked by the involvement of a devotion to an idea or routine. Essentially, it is a false core belief which is believing that there is something wrong, causing the mind to overpower the body in order to better itself....   [tags: Essays on Anxiety Disorders]

Better Essays
2617 words (7.5 pages)

Anoreixa Nervosa and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay example

- I. Introduction Eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder, have been hypothesized to have a relationship with obsessive-compulsive disorder. However, there remains a great amount of evidence in favor that anorexia nervosa and obsessive-compulsive disorder share more similarities than bulimia nervosa or binge eating disorder. The implications of integrating eating disorders with obsessive-compulsive disorder to create a "family" of disorders called obsessive compulsive spectrum disorder will be discussed....   [tags: Essays on Disorders]

Free Essays
2552 words (7.3 pages)

Living With Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

- Can you imagine walking down the street passing a building, and not being able to go on your way until you have counted every window in the building. How about trying to leave your house, but it takes you about one and a half to two hours to leave because you keep checking and checking to make sure the windows and doors are locked. These are just a few examples of how people may act who have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). People that have OCD find it hard to lead normal lives. They tend to suffer from recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and perform the same rituals (compulsions) that they feel that they cannot control....   [tags: Mental Health Disorders (OCD)]

Better Essays
892 words (2.5 pages)

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Essay

- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly known as OCD, is a type of anxiety disorder and was one of the three original neuroses as defined by Freud. It is characterized by "recurrent, persistent, unwanted, and unpleasant thoughts (obsessions) or repetitive, purposeful ritualistic behaviors that the person feels driven to perform (compulsions)." (1) The prime feature that differentiates OCD from other obsessive or compulsive disorders is that the sufferer understands the irrationality or excess of the obsessions and compulsions, but is unable to stop them....   [tags: Health Mental Disorders OCD Essays]

Better Essays
1392 words (4 pages)