Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Essay

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) Essay

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The mental disorder known as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder affects over 6 million Americans of all ages and genders. Half of these affected Americans go undiagnosed, and untreated (Charles). Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has noticeable symptoms in many people, but it can be treated.
In the fifteenth century, the first descriptions of OCD behavior occurred. The description was about a young man who couldn’t stop sticking out his tongue, and who had the urge to blurt things out during prayer. However, the term “obsessive compulsive” and medical accounts of the disorder did not emerge until the mid- 1800’s.Sigmund Freud was the man who developed the first known scientific theory for OCD. He proposed that obsessive thoughts were a replacement for more disturbing thoughts and actions that gave the sufferer guilt. Freud believed these thoughts and behaviors were often sexual. After Freud made his first scientific theory, he proceeded to make another called the “Reaction Formation Theory”. This theory proposed the idea that when someone with OCD gets an unacceptable obsessive thought, they replace it with an opposite behavior or compulsion (“Obsessive – compulsive disorder”, Magill’s Medical Guide).
The brain is an extremely complex organ of the body and often times it has problems, such as not being properly circuited. This normally will result in some form of physical or mental abnormality. In mental disorders such as OCD, this abnormality has to do with a communication difficulty between the frontal lobe of the brain, and the inner part of the brain. These areas of the brain play the role of letting a person stop or suppress behaviors. The reason why these areas are not communicating has to deal with a natural chemical c...


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...n the people with the disorder. Once they find out what circuits or connections are different or screwed up between the two, researchers can do interventions more specific to OCD. On top of all of this, there is also a push to identify the genes that contribute to OCD, which will potentially lead to improved options for medication (Charles).
Although Obsessive Compulsive Disorder impacts daily life, and altogether makes life very difficult, there is a solution such as treatment. Not only is psychotherapy and psychosurgery offered, there is a list of medications that can reduce symptoms also. Aside from current treatments, research is being conducted to find other possible treatments. Even if treatment is a long road, and the disorder can be isolating, just remember if you have OCD you aren’t alone and you have 6 million other Americans on this journey with you.

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