Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder ( Ocd ) Essay

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder or otherwise referred to as OCD can be an extremely debilitating mental illness, especially if left untreated. However, OCD can have mild symptoms instead. So in other words symptoms can vary greatly depending on the person who suffers from this mental illness. As defined by the American Psychiatric Association, OCD is an anxiety disorder in which people have recurring, unwanted thoughts, ideas or sensations that make them feel driven to do something repetitively (Gorrindo and Parekh). These repetitive behaviors can range from being very simple, such as hand washing, to time consuming, such as checking multiple times if household appliances are off before leaving (Gorrindo and Parekh). I will break OCD down into symptoms, treatments, and personal experiences.
OCD symptoms can vary greatly depending on the individual, so much so that two patients with this diagnosis can display completely different symptoms (Mataix-Cols, Rosario-Campos, and Leckman 228). OCD currently affects about two to three percent of the world’s population (Jenike 259). I personally would of thought that number would be much higher, mostly because of western societies and the idea of cleanliness would drive people to be more aware of germs and therefor more obsessive. OCD is typically a chronic disorder, which means it is long lasting but with treatment symptoms can be greatly reduced, usually some symptoms will remain (Jenike 259). OCD is broken down into either obsessions or compulsions and some patients can experience both. Obsessions are defined as recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced, at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or dis...


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... about forty to sixty percent of those patients will have an improvement with their symptoms (Jenike 262). SRI’s are most commonly prescribed as antidepressants and cause fewer side effects than other types of antidepressants (Mayo Clinic Staff). The reason why antidepressants work on treating OCD symptoms is because SRI’s specially target serotonin, which is one of the brain’s chemical messengers that allow one nerve cell to communicate with another neuron (Goodman). SRI’s work by blocking the reabsorption of the neurotransmitters and when you change the balance of these neurotransmitters it will help brain cells send and receive chemical messages (Mayo Clinic Staff). The biggest problem with just using SRI’s is that they will take a long time for symptoms to improve, usually SRI’s will need at least ten to twelve weeks to actually see any improvement (Jenike 262).

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