People always say that children are the future, and they are right. That is what makes understanding how children develop so crucial. Understanding how children develop has many important implications; it can help parents raise their children more efficiently, assist society in making informed decisions about policies regarding children’s welfare, and to help us to understand human nature (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011).
An important part of understanding how children develop is understand the ways in which they learn. Albert Bandura’s Social Learning Theory emphasizes that the main tools of development are observation and imitation, rather than reinforcement. Bandura states that children learn most efficiently by watching and imitating others. Bandura was different from other learning theorists, because he believed that children played an active role in their own learning, a concept that he called reciprocal determinism (Siegler, DeLoache, & Eisenberg, 2011). Social Learning Theory is very important for understanding how children develop because parents and educators have to be aware of what they are modeling, as well as the types of TV, movies, video games, books, etc. that children are viewing to ensure that children are learning appropriate behaviors.
Albert Bandura found that preschool children can acquire new behaviors through observing others, so specifically in the preschool classroom I hypothesized that I would see some of the children learning new behaviors, by watching the instructors or other children in the classroom, or even from a TV show or movie they saw at home.
Another psychologist who viewed children as social beings was Lev Vygotsky. Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory is a cognitive development t...
... middle of paper ...
...lly the opposite, during the activities that I saw them do they were supposed to work alone and not talk to other students. Perhaps this was an example of children being a product of their culture. Being independent is valued in the individualistic culture of the United States and perhaps working alone is an example of this. This concept was not discussed specifically by Vygotsky, but was introduced by some other sociocultural theorists. So, I believe that Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory could be improved by including that the concept that children are products of their own specific culture.
McLeod, Saul. (2010). Zone of Proximal Development. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/Zone-of-Proximal-Development.html
Siegler, R., DeLoache, J., & Eisenberg, N. (Eds.). (2011). How children develop (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Worth Publishers.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- I observed at St. Eve’s Learning Center location in their preschool room. The center has a naturalistic feel to the environment and all of the staff is friendly and welcoming. The classroom displayed best practices, modern theories and research, and followed expected standards set by their accreditations. The classroom that I observed in was arranged in a simple way. In the dramatic play center there was a long coat rack and each hook was labeled with an image and name of the outfit. This was done so the children know where do place the clothing when they are done with it or cleaning up.... [tags: Child Observation]
1262 words (3.6 pages)
- In electing to observe a kindergarten class, I was hoping to see ‘real world’ examples of the social development, personality types and cognitive variation found within the beginning stages of “Middle Childhood” as discussed within our text. On April 1, 2010, I was welcomed into Mrs. Smith’s all day kindergarten class at the O’Dea Core Knowledge Elementary School in Fort Collins Colorado to observe and note the classroom conditions, interactions of the children among themselves, the teachers or other authority figures and the manner in which learning takes place.... [tags: Elementary Education Teacher Observation]
1344 words (3.8 pages)
- I was unprepared, unknowing, and curious about what South County middle school would offer me for my observation. South County is established in a well developed neighborhood with most of the houses costing $329,232 or more. The middle school has over 1,100 students with different ethnic backgrounds including: 59% Caucasian, 29% Hispanic, 6% African American, 4% unknown ethnicity, and 2% Asian (publicschoolreview.com, 2013). As I walked into the middle school the Leander ISD vision is posted on the walls stating, “Every student is encouraged, supported, and challenged to achieve the highest levels of knowledge, skills, and character.” South County tries to uphold this vision by ensuri... [tags: Classroom Observation Essay]
1773 words (5.1 pages)
- Observe and Analyze Classroom instruction This signature assignment is about observing and analyzing classroom instruction in at least 2 classrooms. The two classrooms that I chose to observed is special education and general education. In this assignment I will give a synopsis of my observation, how the instruction differentiated to meet the needs of identified students, identify strengths and needs based on research based practice, and I will suggest what are the next steps teachers can take to improve their lesson.... [tags: Education, child observation, teacher observation]
1848 words (5.3 pages)
- Classroom Environment A general population third grade class was observed to further understand the psychological aspect of teaching. The Title I school classroom observed has sixteen students, eight girls and eight boys, and is almost entirely made up of students from a low socioeconomic status (SES). The desks are arranged with one big horseshoe and two rows of desks inside the horseshoe shape. The teacher has made adjustments to seating assignments and layout due to student behavior and feedback.... [tags: Classroom Observation Essay]
1635 words (4.7 pages)
- Classroom Observation On two different days, several observations took place in two different types of environment. I observed a teacher and her students of a second grade elementary school and a teacher and her students aged 18 months to two years old in a daycare environment. I observed the environment and interaction of the teacher and his or her students.... [tags: Teacher Observation Report]
1229 words (3.5 pages)
- Classroom Observation When I arrived at Casey Elementary School I was sure that kindergarten was the grade I wanted to teach. After my observation was done I knew that a higher grade was more appropriate for me. Working with such young kids at a close proximity had given me a better perspective of what grade and age I would be most beneficial and more comfortable teaching.... [tags: Teacher Observation Report]
1784 words (5.1 pages)
- "The important thing is not so much that every child should be taught, as every child should be instilled with the wish to learn." - John Lubbock As I reflect on my experiences observing in three different classrooms over the last three months, I cannot express how much I have learned by being in the classroom. I began the Master of Science in Education last fall and previous to the practicum experience I had taken 8 classes. I read books, listened to the experiences of my classmates and instructors, reflected on my own education, and tried to imagine how this information was going to prepare me to face a classroom of elementary school students.... [tags: Teacher Observation Report 2014]
1220 words (3.5 pages)
- Classroom Observation I use to believe that being a teacher was going to be eight hours of teaching and being with children. Being a teacher seemed to be the easiest career choice out there for me. After viewing the students of all ages and levels, I have changed my opinion of teaching. There is an unknown side to the world that can only be seen when inside a classroom.... [tags: Teacher Observation Report 2014]
1080 words (3.1 pages)
- Field Observation Reflection Paper The best way for someone to determine if they really would like to go into a certain field is to observe and talk to others who are already in the discipline. This is especially important for prospective teachers because although you do not realize it as a student, teaching is a very taxing job that requires patience and determination. With a diverse classroom of students who have various levels of knowledge on the subjects being taught and how they grasp those subjects a teacher must be able to meet the needs of these pupils.... [tags: Teacher Observation Report 2014]
1300 words (3.7 pages)