Obesity Associated With Major Depression Essay

Obesity Associated With Major Depression Essay

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The second study, Is Obesity Associated with Major Depression? Results from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, was conducted by Onyike et al. is a study that is an analysis of data obtained from the Third National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey (NHANES III).5 This survey was administered by the National Center for Health Statistics between 1988 and 1994. There were a total of 39,396 respondents, and the response rate was 82 percent from household interviews and 73 percent from examinations. This experiment used 8,773 people between the ages of 15 to 39 years old who agreed to be selected for a psychiatric interview. Of these, 363 people were excluded from this study because of missing data on height or weight, or missing the psychiatric interview. The final sample size for this study was 8,410.
This study used the Diagnostic Interview Schedule (DIS) which is an interview process designed for lay interviewers. The NHANES III used it to test for depressive and bipolar disorders, and the diagnoses were make in accordance with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. For major depression, the diagnosis requires the presence of depressive mood for at least two weeks, and at least four of the eight possible criteria must have occurred in those two weeks. These respondents were also diagnosed with past-year and/or lifetime major depression. The trained technicians calculated BMI for all participants.
This test did not show a significant difference in terms of age, race/ethnicity, education status, or area of residence. The test showed men and women equally married, but there were two times as many woman than men that were separated, widowed, or divorced. More men than women have ne...


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...e filling, and that it does not taste as good as fast food. Many of the participants were prescribed medications that caused them to gain a lot of weight, even though some of them are on diet and exercise plans.
This study provided an insight into urban life for those with serious mental health issues. Some of the individuals were motivated to start eating healthy after realizing the personal risk they were putting themselves in. This population is not representative of all people with serious mental illness, however it is a good sample of urban dwellers. Some observed barriers stated in the study are locational, like the price of healthy food; other barriers are universal, such as the effects of antipsychotic drugs. This study offered recommendations for homeless shelters and community health centers on how to help their patrons live a more healthy, balanced life.

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