Obesity And The Psychosocial Variables Essay example

Obesity And The Psychosocial Variables Essay example

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Obesity and the Psychosocial Variables - A Model

Introduction
Obesity is a significant public health problem. An estimated global prevalence is over half a billion (Agrawal, Gupta, Mishra, & Agrawal, 2015). Obesity has been associated with both health morbidities and social discrimination and lower quality of life (Agrawal et al., 2015). Obese individuals have been found to have a significantly lower health-quality of life when compared to normal weight individuals, including those who suffer from a chronic disease (Agrawal et al., 2015). Significant prejudice is associated with obesity with obese individuals facing stigmatism in their communities.

Independent variables are the hypothesized causal risk factors and include: Stress, social incongruity, person-environment fit, and life events (Friis & Sellers, 2009).
Individual variables for obesity include: Stress brought on by personal circumstances, such as conflict in one’s family, low socio-economic status (SES), and minimal education (Rohrer & Rohland, 2004). Systematic discrimination as obese children may contribute as a causal risk factor for the continuance of obesity into adult hood. Several Swedish studies confirmed the association between parental neglect and obesity in addition to maternal psychopathology or socioeconomic status (Dietz, 1998). Additionally, genetics are believed to influence the development of obesity in how individuals respond to their environment (CDC, n.d.). A finer layer to the genetic component of obesity is family history, which may predispose one to obesity in particular in the presence of environmental factors. There are some illnesses that lead to weight gain or obesity such as polycystic ovary syndrome and Cushing’s disease. ...


... middle of paper ...


...ed (Agrawal et al., 2015).

References

Adult Obesity Causes & Consequences | Overweight & Obesity ... (n.d.). Retrieved October 21, 2016, from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/causes.html

Rohrer, J. E., & Rohland, B. M. (2004). Psychosocial risk factors for obesity among women in a family planning clinic. BMC Fam Pract BMC Family Practice, 5(1). doi:10.1186/1471-2296-5-20

Agrawal, P., Gupta, K., Mishra, V., & Agrawal, S. (2015). The Psychosocial Factors Related to Obesity: A Study Among Overweight, Obese, and Morbidly Obese Women in India. Women & Health, 55(6), 623-645. doi:10.1080/03630242.2015.1039180

Dietz, W. H. (1998). Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease. Pediatrics, 101(Supplement 2), 518-525.

Friis, R. H., & Sellers, T. A. (2009). Epidemiology for public health practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.

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