Obesity and the Psychosocial Variables - A Model
Obesity is a significant public health problem. An estimated global prevalence is over half a billion (Agrawal, Gupta, Mishra, & Agrawal, 2015). Obesity has been associated with both health morbidities and social discrimination and lower quality of life (Agrawal et al., 2015). Obese individuals have been found to have a significantly lower health-quality of life when compared to normal weight individuals, including those who suffer from a chronic disease (Agrawal et al., 2015). Significant prejudice is associated with obesity with obese individuals facing stigmatism in their communities.
Independent variables are the hypothesized causal risk factors and include: Stress, social incongruity, person-environment fit, and life events (Friis & Sellers, 2009).
Individual variables for obesity include: Stress brought on by personal circumstances, such as conflict in one’s family, low socio-economic status (SES), and minimal education (Rohrer & Rohland, 2004). Systematic discrimination as obese children may contribute as a causal risk factor for the continuance of obesity into adult hood. Several Swedish studies confirmed the association between parental neglect and obesity in addition to maternal psychopathology or socioeconomic status (Dietz, 1998). Additionally, genetics are believed to influence the development of obesity in how individuals respond to their environment (CDC, n.d.). A finer layer to the genetic component of obesity is family history, which may predispose one to obesity in particular in the presence of environmental factors. There are some illnesses that lead to weight gain or obesity such as polycystic ovary syndrome and Cushing’s disease. ...
... middle of paper ...
...ed (Agrawal et al., 2015).
Adult Obesity Causes & Consequences | Overweight & Obesity ... (n.d.). Retrieved October 21, 2016, from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/adult/causes.html
Rohrer, J. E., & Rohland, B. M. (2004). Psychosocial risk factors for obesity among women in a family planning clinic. BMC Fam Pract BMC Family Practice, 5(1). doi:10.1186/1471-2296-5-20
Agrawal, P., Gupta, K., Mishra, V., & Agrawal, S. (2015). The Psychosocial Factors Related to Obesity: A Study Among Overweight, Obese, and Morbidly Obese Women in India. Women & Health, 55(6), 623-645. doi:10.1080/03630242.2015.1039180
Dietz, W. H. (1998). Health consequences of obesity in youth: childhood predictors of adult disease. Pediatrics, 101(Supplement 2), 518-525.
Friis, R. H., & Sellers, T. A. (2009). Epidemiology for public health practice. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- INTRODUCTION The goal is to suggest a modified intervention for the “Physical education component” of the Pathways intervention program; the basis of the modification will be the Social Ecological Model. This paper will be addressing the Physical activity Self-efficacy, physical activity participation and the curriculum that was offered for this component of the Pathways intervention Program. It will be addressed systematically by using the 6 factors of the Social Ecological Model for the promotion of physical activity.... [tags: Interventions, Psychosocial Variables]
2018 words (5.8 pages)
- Robert L. Peralta, author of "Thinking Sociologically about Sources of Obesity in the United States", includes his perspective on obesity in his article. He reveals to the readers that obesity is due to social aspects affecting weight gain; it is not solely due to genetics, as other articles state. Throughout the article, Peralta includes numerous examples and studies on different aspects of society which have an impact on rising obesity rates. As the article progresses onward, Peralta demonstrates how obesity is in fact correlated with "money, knowledge, power, prestige, and interpersonal resources" (Peralta 204).... [tags: Sociology, United States, Genetics, Social]
809 words (2.3 pages)
- Adolescence is the transitional stage from childhood to adulthood, commonly occurs amongst individuals aged between 12 to 18 years (Hoffnung et al., 2016, p. 350). It is a developmental period characterised by hormonal changes that result from the onset of puberty, which is defined by the emergence of secondary sexual characteristics, such as growth of body hair and deepening voices in males, and breast development and menstruation in females (Jones & Creedy, 2012, p. 28). The timing in the onset of puberty differs in gender, girls generally reach pubertal development at an earlier age than boys (on average 13 years old for girls, and 14 years old for boys).... [tags: Obesity, Puberty, Adolescence]
1542 words (4.4 pages)
- Obesity has become a major public health issue. Healthy eating and daily physical activity play a significant role in preventing chronic diseases, such as heart diseases, cancer, and stroke. These are the three leading causes of death among adults aged under 18. The chronic diseases risk factors are related to obesity. Obesity is defined as a medical condition in which excess body fat has accrued to an extent that may be a negative effect on health. Obesity in childhood cannot be classified under adult criteria, since childhood is characterized by change in body mass index (BMI) dependent upon age and sex.... [tags: obesity, major public health issues]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- Discuss Erikson 's stages of psychosocial development. Explain the aspects of this theory that are the most convincing. Erikson felt that one of the most important states is the intimacy versus isolation where we learn to build intimate relationships. Which stage do you believe is the most significant and Why. Stage 1- Trust vs. Mistrust This stage deals with the ages from birth to 1 year. This is the stage when infants learn who they can trust and cannot trust. When care, attention, love and affection are shown, the infant tends to have a stronger trust bond.... [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]
903 words (2.6 pages)
- INTRODUCTION Psychosocial development has eight stages of life. With the completion of each stage a person learn from the achievement of basic virtues; characteristic strengths, an ego, and determine subsequent predicament. Unsuccessfully, mastering each stage has tribulations that affect their sense of personality. Erik Erickson the writer of the eight stages of life study breaks down each stage, psychosocial crisis, basic virtue, and age. When a person completes each stage they successful enter into a new life stage.... [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]
1491 words (4.3 pages)
- Psychosocial development is the stage-by-stage process, in which an individual derives thought and behavior based on the perceived nature of the social construct that is provided. McLeod (2013) describes Erik Erikson’s theory as eight distinct stages (trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, identity versus identity confusion, intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus stagnation, and ego integrity versus despair), in which a crisis occurs that conflicts between individual and social needs.... [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]
946 words (2.7 pages)
- Erik Erikson Psychosocial stages: Erikson was very confident in his theories regarding the development of life. He felt that each stage ought be accomplished effectively in order to maintain a healthy impression of one 's self. Missing any one of these stages could result in an unhealthy person and an unrealistic perception of character. Although he ensured affirmation that a delay in any of these stages could successfully be completed later on in life. 1.) Trust vs. Mistrust: Infancy (birth to 18 months) During this stage an infant is defenseless, afraid and relies primarily on their caregivers for the essentials of life.... [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]
1454 words (4.2 pages)
- Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory and It's Origin When you think about psychosocial development, what comes to mind. Well, the first thought that comes to my mind is process. There are many different development theories psychologists have discovered over the years. A psychologist named Erik Erikson just so happened to be one of those psychologists in that group. He came up with the Erikson's Psychosocial Developmental Theory. It was one of the most influential theories. This theory has eight different stages which starts from infancy thru death.... [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]
1201 words (3.4 pages)
- I have always viewed my life in simple stages. For example, I knew I wanted to graduate high school, go to college, have a career, be in a relationship, and eventually start a family. However, I never thought of my life in the stages that Erik Erikson describes in his psychosocial theory of development. In his theory, Erikson describes eight stages of development starting in the first year of life and ending in late adulthood. These different stages attempt to explain the psychosocial obstacles we encounter at each developmental milestone, who we are most influenced by, and what internal questions we might need to answer.... [tags: Erikson's stages of psychosocial development]
1118 words (3.2 pages)