Nutritional Requirements For Pre School Age Essay

Nutritional Requirements For Pre School Age Essay

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Nutritional Requirement in Pre-School age (1-6 years)
The pre-school child requires all the nutrients necessary for other human beings. This is a delightful time of enthusiastic learning, including food preferences, Erikson’s theory postulates initiative as the psychosocial task to be mastered by the preschool child. Within their capabilities, children should be encouraged to set and achieve some goals of their own. Children can participate in planning and preparation of meals. They should be prompted to help in the kitchen, not just with the cleanup. Pre-school children love to make fancy cookies and showy relishes. By making the meal a social time and eating slowly themselves, parents can encourage the same behaviour in the child. Exemplifying good manners will be more productive than criticizing the child’s manners. From a third to sixth year, a child continues to gain 4-5 pounds per year. A gain in height of about 2 inches per year is average. Adequacy of growth should be assessed every 6 to 12 months. Growth charts remain the standard against which a given assessment is judged. Pre-school children are very active. A three year old may need 1300 to 1500 kilocalories per day. But a child may have little appetite. Serving sizes for 4 to 6-year old children are the same as those for adults. Preschoolers, like toddler, cannot eat enough in only three meals of meet their needs. By age 3, a child is able to verbalize hunger. A good supply of wholesome snacks will serve the conscientious parent well. Such items as cottage cheese, low-fat yoghurt, fresh fruits, raw vegetables, milk, fruit juices, graham crackers, or fig bars all are nutrient dense and low in fat. Because the food is consumed every day, opportunities to teach good nu...

... middle of paper ... bowel habits then follows, with laxative use as directed by the physician. Several months to years of supportive intervention may be required for effective treatment. Dietary interventions include eating more dietary fibre and drinking more fluids. Foods of emphasize for dietary fibre are fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads and cereals and beans. The current dietary fibre goal for children between ages 3 and 18 years is the child’s age plus 5g. Fluids recommendations are 5 cups per day for toddlers and up to 9 cups per day for older children.
* Protein-Energy Malnutrition–Protein-Energy malnutrition is defined as a range of pathological conditions arising from coincident lack of varying proportions of protein and calorie, occurring most frequently in infants and young children and often associated with infection (PEM is described in Chapter No. 32).

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