Nutritional Requirement in Pre-School age (1-6 years)
The pre-school child requires all the nutrients necessary for other human beings. This is a delightful time of enthusiastic learning, including food preferences, Erikson’s theory postulates initiative as the psychosocial task to be mastered by the preschool child. Within their capabilities, children should be encouraged to set and achieve some goals of their own. Children can participate in planning and preparation of meals. They should be prompted to help in the kitchen, not just with the cleanup. Pre-school children love to make fancy cookies and showy relishes. By making the meal a social time and eating slowly themselves, parents can encourage the same behaviour in the child. Exemplifying good manners will be more productive than criticizing the child’s manners. From a third to sixth year, a child continues to gain 4-5 pounds per year. A gain in height of about 2 inches per year is average. Adequacy of growth should be assessed every 6 to 12 months. Growth charts remain the standard against which a given assessment is judged. Pre-school children are very active. A three year old may need 1300 to 1500 kilocalories per day. But a child may have little appetite. Serving sizes for 4 to 6-year old children are the same as those for adults. Preschoolers, like toddler, cannot eat enough in only three meals of meet their needs. By age 3, a child is able to verbalize hunger. A good supply of wholesome snacks will serve the conscientious parent well. Such items as cottage cheese, low-fat yoghurt, fresh fruits, raw vegetables, milk, fruit juices, graham crackers, or fig bars all are nutrient dense and low in fat. Because the food is consumed every day, opportunities to teach good nu...
... middle of paper ...
...ar bowel habits then follows, with laxative use as directed by the physician. Several months to years of supportive intervention may be required for effective treatment. Dietary interventions include eating more dietary fibre and drinking more fluids. Foods of emphasize for dietary fibre are fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads and cereals and beans. The current dietary fibre goal for children between ages 3 and 18 years is the child’s age plus 5g. Fluids recommendations are 5 cups per day for toddlers and up to 9 cups per day for older children.
* Protein-Energy Malnutrition–Protein-Energy malnutrition is defined as a range of pathological conditions arising from coincident lack of varying proportions of protein and calorie, occurring most frequently in infants and young children and often associated with infection (PEM is described in Chapter No. 32).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A dollop of tomato paste - that is all that this is required for an other-wise high-sodium, high-fat, and high-grease food product to be labeled as a vegetable as voted by a lobbyist-controlled congress in November of 2011. Pizza, as it turns out, is now considered a vegetable by school nutrition standards (“A Veggie Pizza”). It is obvious, then, that such as decision was not perpetuated nor endorsed by activists campaigning for proper nutrition within in the school cafeteria. It was lobbyists, most likely independent or large business caterers, who gave the decision the political and monetary boost it needed.... [tags: Nutrition]
898 words (2.6 pages)
- Excluding pre-school and college an average child in the United Sates spends 13 years of their life in school. And if a person elects to further their education and obtain a college degree, another 2-8 years, maybe more, can be added onto those 13. Although it is common to find children at traditional schools in classrooms for 6 hours a day, many people have elected to pursue their education online from home. Tradition school has been around for centuries, one of the great thing about traditional schooling is that it offers a more hands on approach than online schooling.... [tags: Education, College, High school]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- ... José has mastered conservation that is the fact that some characteristics of an object do not change despites changes in form or its appearance. As well, reversibility which is understanding that an object that has been changed can be returned to its original state. When I did the conservations task of mass where there are two balls of play dough that are the same size and then, one ball of play dough is being smashed flat. He is asked whether each of these balls has the same amount of play dough even though one of the balls is being smashed later.... [tags: nutritional neuroscience]
1673 words (4.8 pages)
- A. Content: This chapter emphasizes on acquiring the most important requirements, further dividing the product requirements from project requirements and makes us aware of the several requirements related problems which might occur. Generally, Requirements is a detailed description of the work need to be implemented to achieve the objectives. Behavior of the system and the environment which is suitable for the system is described by the requirements. Requirements are further generalized for the better understanding into the following types below mentioned.... [tags: Requirements analysis, Requirement]
1051 words (3 pages)
- 3.3 ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS 3.3.1 Development and Pre-testing of Questionnaire A well-structured questionnaire was formulated to obtain general information, demographic profile, socio-economic status, anthropometric profile, dietary intake, physiological status, physical activity pattern, ecological conditions and sanitation and hygiene practices of the subjects (Annexure I). The preliminary questionnaire was pre-tested on 5% of the subjects to ensure the validity of the questionnaire.... [tags: Nutrition, Hygiene, Hemoglobin, Food]
1344 words (3.8 pages)
- Occupation/ position Church Pre-school Questions posed Responses How have federal and state policies affected funding and testing criteria? Yes, as a religious association there are some extraordinary contemplations. How have policies affected classroom instruction. We can’t use the funding to teach religious contents, thus making testing a task of its own. How have Race to the Top, NCLB, and Title I affected school learning? It does not effect us here at the church school How does the relationship of church and state affect the early childhood field? With funding from the government no religious activities can take place How can we get the best teachers into our classrooms when so ma... [tags: Education, School, Teacher]
1226 words (3.5 pages)
- Over the years, schooling for adolescents has gone beyond attending primary school to also attending secondary school, which consists of middle school, junior high school, and high school (Arnett 277). The beginnings of enrollment in secondary school being required for adolescents is still recent around the world. Let’s start in America. Roughly a hundred years ago, majority of the states in America did not require adolescents to attend school once passed the primary grades, but this was changed during the Age of Adolescence from 1890 to 1920 (Arnett 278).... [tags: High school, College, Secondary school]
1080 words (3.1 pages)
- Uniforms: Should they be a requirement or not for School. “Children are supposed to be benefiting equally from a free education. Children are being penalized and denied their right to an equal education simply because their parents cannot afford the basics.” (Waterman, 2014) While in a perfect world many educators say that school uniforms are an asset, however, school uniforms are seen to be financial hardship on low-income families, make students a target for bullying, infringe on a students’ freedom of expression rights and they teach students a negative lesson about conformity.... [tags: Education, Dress code, High school, Uniforms]
1397 words (4 pages)
- Pre-School Teacher Career My chosen profession is pre-school teacher. I had no idea on what I wanted to do in my future, but I knew I wanted to help people. The reason behind me choosing this would be due to my cousin Brianna. She is actually a pre-school teacher and over the summer I help her with summer school class. She had me become her teacher assistant because she had to handle more than 30 children. Having actually experienced the classroom, helping the children, and the hours spent with them seemed to just past by so fast made me want to look into this profession.... [tags: Education, Teacher, School, Middle school]
1079 words (3.1 pages)
- As more companies that are leading technology are transforming from the traditional waterfall development model to an Agile software methodology, requirements engineering provides a process for software engineers to understand the problems they need to solve (Martin, Newkirk, & Koss, 2014). It is of key importance to understand the customer 's wants and needs before beginning designing or building the computer-based solution, as developing a solution that ignores the customer’s needs provides value to none of the parties involved.... [tags: Requirements analysis, Software requirements]
1478 words (4.2 pages)