Carbohydrates are found in grains, legumes, fruit and root veg, milk products and sweets. They are catabolized to produce energy in the form of glucose which can be used immediately and stored as glycogen, an important energy storage source for the body especially the brain which is critical in this age group (Whitney 2014, pp. 86-87). No nutrient reference values have been set for this age group due to a lack of data (ANHMRC p. 43).
Protein has many roles in the...
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...n consumed which may not be as well absorbed in the body (ANHMRC 2005 p. 187). If Iron intake is inadequate iron deficiency occurs which is recognized by low serum ferritin. Physically, fatigue loss of cognitive function and apathy may occur (Whitney 2014 pp. 417-418).
While it is important to be guided by the nutrient reference values and Australian dietary guidelines to ensure adequate macronutrient and micronutrient intakes, some values are not listed due to insufficient evidence which may be problematic when attempting to meet nutritional needs. The absorbability and bioavailability of nutrients need to be taken into consideration along with dietary preferences, food intolerances, and rate of growth as the adolescent growth spurt and the onset of menarche may occur earlier for some girls increasing their need for nutrients sooner than others in this age group.
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