Work-related or occupational stress is defined as “the adverse reaction people have to excessive pressures or other types of demands placed on them at work,” (Burke, 2013). Nurses are exposed to high levels of occupational stress as a result of heavy workloads, extended working hours and high levels of time pressure (Tsai & Liu, 2012). Demanding work environments place a great deal of pressure on nurses to get their tasks done without allowing them sufficient control and support to manage those demands. According to one study, lack of decision-making authority and a deficit of social support from supervisors is directly associated with the development of stress-related symptoms (Tsai & Liu, 2012). Such a work environment causes a...
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