Essay on Nuclear Proliferation and U.S. Grand Strategy

Essay on Nuclear Proliferation and U.S. Grand Strategy

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Neo-isolationists embrace a constricted view of U.S. national interest: national security and defense –the protection of the security, liberty, and property of the American people –is the only vital U.S. interest. Given to the narrow interest, the U.S. should end alliances with Europe and Asia. It can maintain nuclear forces required to deter nuclear attacks, and also adequate conventional forces. They both will be effective even against a Eurasian hegemon. Neo-isolationists argue that the U.S. is inherently a very secure country and is strategically immune, and that nuclear proliferation is not our problem because it is not necessarily bad as someone claims; rather, some proliferation will even be good.
First of all, nuclear proliferation is not necessarily bad because nuclear weapon can reduce the possibility of war by two means: first, by enhancing deterrent capabilities; and second, by providing security.
On one hand, nuclear weapons can enhance deterrent capabilities thus reduce likelihood of war. Nuclear weapons are good at deterrence. When evaluating the credibility of nuclear deterrence, two factors need to be considered: the state’s capabilities to use t and the state’s will and interests to use them. Deterrence is most likely to succeed when a state have the military capabilities and greater will and interests to use nuclear weapons. The will and interests of the attacked state in using nuclear weapons can be presumed to be stronger than that of the attacker because the attacked will strive to retaliate in order to preserve its own territory and security. The U.S. has the strongest nuclear weapon capabilities in the world. Were it attacked, it would have greater will and interests to use the nuclear weapons than the at...


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...mon in the 1970s than they are today –and the European countries have suffered more than the U.S. but have not been as preoccupied with terrorism threat. The current focus on rogue states and terrorism may be more due to the lack of traditional threats to the U.S. security than to the magnitude of their actual menaces.
As long as the U.S. has clear dominance to maintain formidable deterrence, the doctrine of massive retaliation makes sense. Most of the people across the world today are entranced by a high economic performance or quality of life. The future of U.S. values and interests, its external attraction and internal vigor, now depends more on the attainments of its national security and economic prosperity than on its military power. Nuclear weapons have made the world a much more stable place, and this would b enhanced by a Neo-isolationism grand strategy.

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