Nuclear Power And Nuclear Energy Essay

Nuclear Power And Nuclear Energy Essay

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In 1789, Uranium was discovered by a German chemist. 149 years later in 1939, a German scientist by the name of Otto Hahn along, with his assistant Fritz Strassmann, discovered nuclear fission. Nuclear fission releases massive amounts of energy. But not only does it release massive amounts of energy, Nuclear fission will also release additional neutrons which can then produce fission in other uranium nuclei. Which could then turn into a self sufficient chain reaction which can produce massive amounts of energy. (Outline)
It wasn 't until 1964 that nuclear energy was used commercially. Between the years 1939 and 1964 nuclear energy was being developed or used for military purposes. The first two nuclear power plants opened in 1964 in the Soviet Union. (Outline)
There are two types of Uranium, U-238 and U-235. Most nuclear fuel contains U-238. There are also two different types of nuclear power plants in the United States. About two thirds of power plants in the United States are pressurized water reactors, and one third of power plants are boiling water reactors. A pressurized reactor works by water being pressurized around the nuclear fuel, the water is pressurized to keep it from boiling. The hot water is then pumped from the reactor to a steam generator. The water is then used to boil a second water supply which creates steam to turn a turbine which creates electricity. A boiling water generator boils water around the nuclear fuel heating it directly to steam inside the reactor. The steam is then transferred directly towards a turbine which makes it turn to create electricity. (How)
Nuclear Energy has been used to create many things like nuclear weapons, medicine, and technology. However, Nuclear Energy can be a double edged...


... middle of paper ...


...choice to pick a side to determine if Nuclear energy is a good thing for mankind. On one side you have numerous benefits that support sustainability through benefitting economic, political and social methods. But then on the other side, Nuclear energy has the potential to ruin biodiversity in ecosystems if they become exposed to nuclear waste or if there is a nuclear meltdown. For example the Chernobyl meltdown ruined the ecosystem around the power plant by infecting and exposes the surrounding areas to such high levels of radiation.
Mankind needs to stay on course with what we are doing currently with nuclear energy. Stopping all Nuclear energy plants from running would be pointless and mankind would have to result to fossil fuels which will poison our atmosphere. We must keep making advances in the Nuclear Energy field to better our understanding of how it works.

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