Infant Mortality Statistics
The 2013 report presented statistics from the linked birth and infant death data set (linked file) by maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based on death certificate data. Descriptive statistics of data were presented and interpreted.
The purpose of the linkage “was to use the many additional variables available from birth certificates to conduct more detailed analysis of infant mortality patterns” (Martin, Hamilton, Venture et al., (2011, p. 22). The following significant points, concerning infant mortality data, are presented utilizing the eleven topics selected by the authors of the report. It should also be noted that technical notes are presented from the authors from numerous sections of the original report for clarification purposes.
It should also be noted that the following information was taken from the reference, (Matthew, T.J and McDorman, M.F.C (January, 2013) Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2009 period linked birth/infant death data set. National Vital Statistics Reports, 61 (8) 1-13. Tables presented in the original document; are summarized here in the narrative bearing direct reference to the original document. In instances of direct quoting, a reference follows to show the source and the indication of a table presentation; which documented 5 references and 6 specific tables are entries presented to complete the document.
Trends in infant mortality
A decline in infant mortality rate declined from 1993 to 2000, plateaued and has declined since then. The overall 2009 IMIR from the linked file was 6.39 infant deaths per 1,000 live births. This rate was 34% lower in 2008 and 7% lower in 2005, se...
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...ked to variations in infant mortality rates among countries. Because of their much greater risk of death, preterm infants have a large impact on the US mortality rate. In 2009, death occurred to two-thirds of all infant death to infants born preterm when infant mortality rates are highest for and the risk increases sharply with the increased gestational age.
From 2008 through 2009, the infant mortality rate declined significantly in gestational age grouping under 37, 32-33, 37-41, and 39-41 weeks. For other ae groupings, there was essentially no changes. Large differences occurred in infant mortality rates by race and ethnicity and also in gestational age-specific infant mortality rates. These variations were for non-Hispanic black women, AIAN women, non-Hispanic white women, Central and South American women with mixed patterns for Mexican and Puerto Rico women.
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