Nosocomial And Healthcare Associated Infection Essay

Nosocomial And Healthcare Associated Infection Essay

Length: 1366 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Nosocomial or healthcare-associated infection (HAI) occurs when a patient receiving treatment in a health care setting develops an infection secondary to their original condition. These infections are serious and costly adverse outcomes of medical care that affect nearly two million people in the United States annually and lead to substantial morbidity and mortality. With increased days of hospitalization and direct medical costs, HAIs account for an estimated $20 billion per year in national health care expenditure every year. As such, they present one of the major threats to patient safety and remain a critical challenge to public health. On any given day, approximately [one in 25 patients] contracts at least one infection while receiving healthcare treatment in U.S. hospitals, demonstrating the need for improved infection control in health care facilities. Since these infections are largely avoidable, high HAI rates are a marker of poor quality care. Preventing HAI is a leading health priority for health care facilities and for the [public / nation / community], as organizations search for ways to reduce costs and to improve their quality ratings.
According to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, publicly reported hospital-specific HAI rates are also being more widely utilized to monitor hospital quality of care, and many organizations, legislators, and individuals are demanding that / there is increasing demand for healthcare facilities to publicly disclose information on HAIs. The debate over public disclosure often pits consumers, insurance carriers, and health maintenance organizations (the payers) against healthcare providers. The payers want performance data made available so that they can be better purchasers ...

... middle of paper ...

...tion prevention interventions to improve [HAI] rates, [they] do not teach facilities how to reduce rates. [Nevertheless,] data show that public reporting positively affects rates of these preventable infections, when combined with enhanced preventive practices, recommended surveillance activities, and fair reimbursement policies (among other factors). [Thus, healthcare organizations] need both motivation and facilitation to reach consumer expectations for infection prevention.
The rationale behind publicly disclosing health outcome data is to promote transparency, enhance trust, and spur healthcare organizations to motivate internal change, effect best practices, and ultimately improve patient outcomes. Mandatory standards, monitoring and public reporting of infection rates are necessary to understand and tackle HAIs, in order to make sustained elimination a reality.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Pneumoni Infection Of The Lung Parenchyma Essay

- Pneumonia Pneumonia by definition is the infection of the lung parenchyma. According to the Cleveland Clinic (2010), that despite all of the antibiotics pneumonia remains the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. This paper will compare two types of pneumonia, their causes, presentation, assessment and treatments. Community-Acquired Pneumonia Causes There are three common pathogens that make up 85% of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). These pathogens that cause the typical CAP are Streptococcus pneumoniae (penicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains), Haemophilus influenzae (ampicillin-sensitive and -resistant strains), and Moraxella catarrhalis (all strains penicillin-re...   [tags: Pneumonia, Nosocomial infection, Microbiology]

Better Essays
1101 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Healthcare Associated Infections

- Introduction Nosocomial infections also known as healthcare associated infections (HAI’s) are infections that patients get while receiving treatment for another condition in a healthcare facility. In 2011, there were an estimated 722,000 HAIs in U.S acute care hospitals and of those about 75,000 died (CDC, 2014).The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) estimates the financial burden attributable to HAIs to be between $28 billion to $33 billion each year. The thousands of people who die yearly and the heavy financial burden caused by HAIs, proves that there is still a lot of room for improving the current quality control processes which are in place to curb HAIs....   [tags: nosocomial infections, quality control processes]

Better Essays
1139 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about What´s Nosocomial Infection

- NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION A hospital-acquired infection (HAI), also called nosocomial infection in medical literature, is an infection whose growth is favored by a hospital environment. It may be acquired by a patient while visiting hospital or it may spread among hospital staff. Nosocomial infections include fungal and bacterial infections and are triggered by the decrease in resistance of a person. TYPES Modern healthcare employs many types of invasive contrivances and procedures to treat infected persons and to avail them recuperate....   [tags: medicine, hospital environment]

Better Essays
2563 words (7.3 pages)

Hand Hygiene Compliance Rates By Healthcare Workers Essay

- This literature review will analyze and critically explore four studies that have been conducted on hand hygiene compliance rates by Healthcare workers (HCWs). Firstly, it will look at compliance rates for HCWs in the intensive care units (ICU) and then explore the different factors that contribute to low hand hygiene compliance. Hospital Acquired infections (HAI) or Nosocomial Infections appear worldwide, affecting both developed and poor countries. HAIs represent a major source of morbidity and mortality, especially for patients in the ICU (Hugonnet, Perneger, & Pittet, 2002)....   [tags: Nosocomial infection, Hand washing]

Better Essays
1020 words (2.9 pages)

Catheter Associated Bloodstream Infection Essay

- Catheter associated bloodstream infection (CRBSI) occurring in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are frequent, complication related to it are potentially fatal and costly (Kim & Sandra, 2009). According to the center of disease control, an approximate of two hundred and fifty thousand cases of CRBSIs have been estimated to occur annually which cause health care to cost approximately twenty five thousand dollars per case, and between 500 to 4,000 patient die due to blood stream infection (CDC, 2002)....   [tags: Disease/Disorders]

Better Essays
861 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Nosocomial Infections: Microorganisms Bred in Hospitals

- Treatment for Clostridium difficile begins by terminating the use of the antibiotic that triggered the infection. In the more mild cases, this action is enough to alleviate the symptoms and end the illness. Yet, in some cases, more direct measures must be taken, such as medication or surgery. Ironically, antibiotics are often used to treat the antibiotic-associated infection. The drug of choice is Metronidazole because it works effectively and it has a lower price. This medication treats infections of the reproductive system, gastrointestinal tract, skin, vagina, and other areas of the body....   [tags: Health Care]

Better Essays
902 words (2.6 pages)

The Zero Infection Compliance Measures Such As The Notable Work For Defeat Hospital Acquired Infections ( Hais )

- Other countries are adopting the zero infection compliance measures such as the notable work to defeat Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs). HAI awareness and prevention is evident internationally in Canada, the UK, Japan, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Brazils. In Thailand author Anucha Apisarnthanarak, MD, devised an action plan in the hospital’s three Intensive Care Units (ICUs). The action plan consists of using gloves and gowns during all patient care and handwashing, screening for pandrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii before and seven days after ICU admittance, and a cohort of colonized or infected patients, sanitizing surfaces with ammonia and detergent and encouraged compliance...   [tags: Health care, Healthcare quality, Public health]

Better Essays
890 words (2.5 pages)

Surgical Site Infection And Dental Site Essay examples

- The clinical problem that I chose to talk about and will like to present is about surgical site infection. I wanted to address this issue because in the recent year’s, surgical site infections has become a huge problem that is embedded in our common healthcare practices despite the precautionary improvements that were achieved in the healthcare industry. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that “500,000 surgical site infections occur annually and account for 3% of surgical mortality, prolonged lengths of hospital stay, and increased medical cost.” (Diaz, Newman, 2015, P.63)....   [tags: Patient, Nursing, Hospital, Medicine]

Better Essays
728 words (2.1 pages)

Healthcare Associated Infections ( Hai ) Essay

- Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) occur in hospitals each day, costing approximately $10 billion per year in the United States (Cantrell, 2016). Surgical site infections (SSI) are the top leaders in HAI’s acquired by patients reaching an estimated $20,785 per case or event (Cantrell, 2016). Hospitals and surgical staff work effortlessly to prevent and improve surgical outcomes by reducing the rate of SSI’s. One of the largest areas for prevention of surgical site infections is associated with surgical site skin antisepsis and removal of surgical site hair....   [tags: Antiseptic, Surgery, Bacteria, Infection]

Better Essays
2025 words (5.8 pages)

Prevention and Control of Multi-Drug Resistant Organisms Essay

- ... The importance of controlling MDRO is tremendous, knowing that it cost and additional cost that exceeds an esteemated 5 billion” (12), and according to CDC “more than 98,900 Americas died of HAI”13 Use of Antibiotics Inappropriate use of antibiotics plays a significant part in developing of drug-resistant HAI. Use antibiotics for viral infections; over prescriptions; prescription following “better be safe, then sorry ” rule; fear of health care providers (HCP) being sued, if no medication was prescribed; reimbursement to the acute care facilities for drug cost and expenses for MDRO treatment by insurance companies, all these factors provide no incentive to minimize use of antibiotics.(5)...   [tags: infection, antibiotics, sanitation]

Better Essays
935 words (2.7 pages)