Essay on The North And The American Civil War

Essay on The North And The American Civil War

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The Triumphant North
The Civil War was fought between the Northern states (Union) led by Abraham Lincoln and the Southern states (confederates) led by Jefferson Davis. This started in the year 1861 and ended in 1865 following the decisive defeat by the North (Rafuse 261). Many factors led to the defeat of confederate states which included manpower, economy, finances, and infrastructure. Some people still question the reasons for the south’s surrender, but reality is and history was written by its defeat. A Union victory was inevitable because they enjoyed advantages that made a Confederate victory impossible.
The major reason that led to confederate defeat was as a result of limited military manpower as compared to their counterparts. They were outnumbered by the Northerners in terms of number of service men who were fully equipped. The North and the confederate states heavily relied on volunteers because of lack of manpower. The Union had an advantage over their Southerners because they had a larger population. The introduction of military service enabled their force to increase in number. Numerical strength played a role in this war. Even though the Union suffered more military casualties, they were able to grow stronger as the war progressed. The losses suffered by the confederates became a major weakness because they had low population that would not be enough to reinforce their military.
Another key factor that led to confederate defeat is economy (Monaghan 41). A large majority of Southern population depended on farming and trade. The North was industrialized as compared to the South. This enabled them to import and export their products to European market. Because of trade, the North was able to forge alliances between the...


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...rs contributed to the defeat of the confederate during the war. The disparities that existed between the economy of the North and the South ensured that the Union had adequate military supplies. Soldiers who are well supplied remained determined to fight for a longer period (Monaghan 41). The Southerners had better generals as compared to the North. However, the lack of enough funds to finance the war thwarted the efforts of these leaders. The blockade of the ports by the North curtailed the confederate from foreign trade. This prevented them from acquiring military supplies from abroad.

Works cited

Clark, John Elwood. Railroads in the Civil War: The Impact of Management on Victory and Defeat. LSU Press, 2001.
Monaghan, Tom. The Slave Trade. Evans Brothers, 2008.
Rafuse, Ethan S. Robert E. Lee and the Fall of the Confederacy, 1863–1865. Rowman & Littlefield, 2008.

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