Essay on Non Benefits Of The Welfare Policy Arena

Essay on Non Benefits Of The Welfare Policy Arena

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There has been a major dispute between selective versus universal benefits in the welfare policy arena. There are advocates who argue that selective benefits are targeted for individuals who are in greatest need and therefore do most to relieve suffering especially those in rural communities. Universalism system is based on the provision of social welfare benefits for all persons through public or private institutions. Programs that are universal are financed through the government and are used to serve everyone at some point in their life without constraints. Universality is a system that do not discriminate by religion, age, race, sexual orientation, class or gender. It is sometimes classified as a re-distributive institutional approach. It has a responsibility for the entire community without any limitations. market and family can assure a good welfare distribution (Selective Versus Universal Benefits, 2016) (Gilbert N. , 1982).
Selectivity uses rules that considers whether or not a recipient will receive benefits because their poverty level is smaller than an established score. Social policy context focuses on people or populations who have specific necessities in the social, economic or political orders. For example; needy families who may live below the poverty line or individuals restricted by resources. Selectivity systems are meat for temporary routing back to English Poor laws in which this system stemmed from. Selectivity programs are means tested. There is selectivity- universality continuum which is a mixture of residual institutional conceptions. Many argue that universality provisions of social welfare are typically a better option but from my rural point of view, I believe that it is essential for welfare systems t...


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...book, social welfare funds are obtained through three different ways; taxes, voluntary giving, and fees. The tax funding sources are commonly known to be compulsory and governmental. These are the type of taxes that constitutes public levees from citizens and businesses. The taxes are the standing source that covers the social welfare activities. Unlike taxes, voluntary giving funded through private contributions, that are either charitable or philanthropic activities, and donations. Fees are sources of funds that are commonly profited from agencies who requires fees or goods and services. Many times there three funding sources are intermixed because many social welfare agencies and organizations includes revenue deriving for each one of the sources. This is how the term “mixed economy” has derived in reference to the economy of welfare (Gilbert & Terrell, 2015).


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