The Nile River Valley

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The Nile river valley was one of the most flourishing regions in Africa. From it emerged the prominent kingdom of Egypt, which went on to be one of the most dynamic civilizations in that region. Mainly because of its hierarchal social class system and its unsteady government. Roughly a thousand kilometers to the Northeast of the Nile river valley lies the Mesopotamia region. In this region civilizations like the Sumerians prospered and enjoyed the knowledge and natural riches that came from the Fertile Crescent. These two civilizations had their similarities and differences in political and social structures, but for the most part they were considerably alike. Each regions civilization had many differences and similarities in their political and social structures as follows. The powerhouse civilizations in the Nile River Valley were Egypt and Nubia. Though Nubia eventually was conquered by Egypt, much of Nubia’s social and political elements was taken in and dispersed throughout Egypt’s culture. Egypt received its ivory, cattle, and slaves from Nubia’s culture, which resulted in slight advancements and changes in the agricultural, political and social systems. After Egypt conquered Nubia it began to benefit in other ways too. Egypt began to benefit economically from Nubia’s natural resource, specifically Nubia’s gold which began to be used by the Egyptians for the purchase and upkeep of Egyptian chariots in the new kingdom. Egypt’s government was centralized and all power resided in the pharaoh’s, God-king, bidding. The pharaoh were considered to have divine support for their rule, which left the people to believe that the pharaoh deserved all power and control of everything in the land. This sort of political system is what broug... ... middle of paper ... ...d into slavery to pay their debts. The Nile River Valley region and the Mesopotamia region had several differences but also had several similarities. They Nile and Mesopotamia region had a very similar social structure, from the most held high class all the way down to the peasant farmer and slaves these regions were almost identical in how their social classes were setup. The main difference these two regions had were in their political societies, they success or failure of the main civilization in the Nile River Valley depended on the Pharaoh’s choices and decisions, while the success of the main civilization in the Mesopotamia’s region depended on the choice of several rulers who controlled the city-states. Maybe the centralized government was a better form of government than the city-state because the Egyptians were extremely more successful than the Sumerians.
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