Essay on Nigeria 's Juvenile Justice System

Essay on Nigeria 's Juvenile Justice System

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The Nigeria Juvenile Justice System is the country that I chose to focus on while presenting my term paper. In this paper, I will discuss six main points to give an overview of how Nigeria disciplines juveniles in their country: the country’s juvenile justice system, when their system started, the laws protecting the children 's programs for juveniles who are in conflict with the law, the sanctions for juveniles and recommendation of how juveniles should be treated in that country. When discussing each part of this paper, I tried to get as much as information as possible to highlight Nigeria’s Juvenile Justice System. There is a lot of information that is different than the United States and I feel as if youth have a tendency to take advantage of the juvenile justice system in America. There are many countries that are harsher when punishing their youth.
Juvenile Justice is a system of laws that are regulated and process for non-adult offenders of violation of the law. “Juvenile justice administration in Nigeria suffers from several inadequacies: legal, policy, planning, implementation, education and research” (Alemika & Chukwuma, 2001). The Juvenile Justice System in Nigeria was guided by the British so it is difficult to ignore or understand without knowing the colonial’s past. When the criminal justice was started it was to deter and punish offenders for disobeying the interest of the colonists. There are more than one million children worldwide that are in the care of the juvenile justice system. There are many individuals and groups that make up the criminal justice system, such as police officers, courts and prisons who are the pillars the Nigerian criminal justice system. When thinking in terms of the juvenile ju...


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...cted to torture or any cruel punishment. Based on research, I can tell that the same laws that are in Nigeria are also in the United States. A popular law that was established in 1960 is called the Children and Young Persons Act which is a part of the successive Nigerian constitution. In this law, the rights of the juvenile are guaranteed to a fair trial and due process. The laws that protect children in Nigeria make sure that the law defines the age of a child. “Nigeria 's law classifies people under 17 years as juvenile offenders, who should only be tried in juvenile courts, whereas, under international instruments, the maximum age for trial in a juvenile court is 18” (Irinnews, 2002).
This Act has made a large impact on the legislation in Nigeria dealing with juveniles. The main purpose of this Act was established to make sure the welfare of children was in

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