A more emotional, or intuitive, approach to philosophy is needed discontinue the approach to reason as a great panacea capable of transcendent understanding. Nietzsche’s alternative to rationality and reason is what he calls a “return to nature.” A return to nature answers the question of being in a way that many philosophers since Plato have not be able to achieve, and resists a desire for greater quantities of reasonable “truths,” and more desire to appreciate and will what is best for mankind. Philosophy, in a return to nature, thus creates an identity not wholly focused on knowledge and the acquisition of knowledge, but on philosophizing the greatness of humans, and how to capitalize on and expand that greatness; and, as cheesy as it sounds, it’s about a greater appreciation of philosophies that pertain to life as it is lived, not as it is hypothesized or deduced by reason.
In the subsection “Progress in my Sense,” Nietzsche writes a “return to nature… is really not a going back but a going up - an ascent to the high, free, even terrible nature and naturalness where great tasks are something one plays with, one may play with” (Twilight p. 90) The terms “nature” and “naturalness” are particularly stand-out, because of the connotations the words hold in the context of Nietzsche’s critiques of reason. “Nature” is not part of the field of reason as much as it is part of emotionality and ...
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...ll human beings should aspire – not another ideology. In short, reason seems to be more about comfort in “understanding” the unknown, about reassuring humans that the bounds on our knowledge don’t exist, and that we are capable of knowing anything through the proper application of reason. It neglects essentials of humanity, like emotions, in favor of neater and more “intellectual” ideas like reason. This is the crux of the criticism of reason – there is no longer much humanity, much divergent thought, or truly challenging ideas in the field of philosophy. Nietzsche sees this whole acceptance of reason as the one philosophical truth as stagnation, complacency, and ideological vapidity. This is a society in decline – one that no longer produces anything truly unique. Reason’s domineering presence in philosophy only exacerbates these symptoms of this society in decline.
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