The Harlem Renaissance was a new focus on African American literature, paintings, artwork, and music through the lens of African American experience. Marcus Garvey was one of the early political leaders of the Harlem Renaissance movement. In 1920 Marcus Garvey started a back to Africa movement. His organization the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), held its First International Convention of the Negro Peoples of the World at Madison Square Gardens in New York. Garvey felt that black pride, racial separation, and a return to Africa were the only hope for unity and survival. He wanted his followers to become educated and self-sufficient so that they would be successful in Africa.
Another important figure in the New Negro movement was Alain Locke. Alain Locke was an exceptional African American, what he achieved was virtually unheard of for any African American during that time. Alain Locke obtained a PhD from Harvard University and he was the first African American to become a Rhodes Scholar. In 1925 Alain Locke released “Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro,” which started a New Negro literary movement.
According to Author Henry Louis Gates Jr. Alain Locke’s book transformed the militancy associated with the trope and translated it into an apolitical movement of the arts. “Locke’s New Negro was a poet, and it would be in the sublimity of the fine ...
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...uch pictures as “The Birth of a Nation” I would not but feel the injustice done the Negro race by other races. Most of the bad traits of unintelligent Negroes are used in many pictures and a lovable or educated character is rarely pictured.
At other times, “West Point,” a picture of college life and a military training school, stirs within me a desire to go to college or some military or naval school away from home and serve my country as best I can.
In the midst of racial injustice, denied anti-lynching legislation, the black scare, and horrific race wars, African Americans were able to reach new heights. An African American wealthy class was formed, more were becoming educated, and they showcased their talents through art, music, and literature. African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance began to change the Negro into the New Negro that they wanted to be.
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- The New Negro Movement named after the great African American writer, Alain Locke, later known, as the Harlem Renaissance was a time for the African American culture and art to grow. With that growth also came population growth. Artists from the South migrated during the Great migration to the north and Midwest Industrial cities. The Great Migration relocated 6 million African Americans from 1916-1970 and this led to a huge urban impact in the United States. One of the most impacted cities during this time was Harlem, New York City.... [tags: Harlem Renaissance, African American]
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- The Harlem Renaissance was named after the anthology The New Negro, edited by Alain Locke in 1925. Centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City, the movement impacted urban centers throughout the United States. Across the cultural spectrum (literature, drama, music, visual art, dance) and also in the realm of social thought (sociology, historiography, philosophy), artists and intellectuals found new ways to explore the historical experiences of black America and the contemporary experiences of black life in the urban North.(Nathan Irvin Huggins, Voices From the Harlem Renaissance) Challenging white paternalism and racism, African-American artists and intelle... [tags: The New Negro edited by Alain Locke]
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