Essay about The New Negro Of The Harlem Renaissance

Essay about The New Negro Of The Harlem Renaissance

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This essay will examine what was new about the new negro from 1920-1936. During the years 1920-1936 African Americans began to rebrand themselves and change their image. African Americans wanted to create an image of themselves that was more positive, educated, and cultured, with an emphasis on African culture, hence began the Harlem Renaissance and the New Negro movement.
The Harlem Renaissance was a new focus on African American literature, paintings, artwork, and music through the lens of African American experience. Marcus Garvey was one of the early political leaders of the Harlem Renaissance movement. In 1920 Marcus Garvey started a back to Africa movement. His organization the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), held its First International Convention of the Negro Peoples of the World at Madison Square Gardens in New York. Garvey felt that black pride, racial separation, and a return to Africa were the only hope for unity and survival. He wanted his followers to become educated and self-sufficient so that they would be successful in Africa.
Another important figure in the New Negro movement was Alain Locke. Alain Locke was an exceptional African American, what he achieved was virtually unheard of for any African American during that time. Alain Locke obtained a PhD from Harvard University and he was the first African American to become a Rhodes Scholar. In 1925 Alain Locke released “Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro,” which started a New Negro literary movement.
According to Author Henry Louis Gates Jr. Alain Locke’s book transformed the militancy associated with the trope and translated it into an apolitical movement of the arts. “Locke’s New Negro was a poet, and it would be in the sublimity of the fine ...


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...uch pictures as “The Birth of a Nation” I would not but feel the injustice done the Negro race by other races. Most of the bad traits of unintelligent Negroes are used in many pictures and a lovable or educated character is rarely pictured.
At other times, “West Point,” a picture of college life and a military training school, stirs within me a desire to go to college or some military or naval school away from home and serve my country as best I can.
In the midst of racial injustice, denied anti-lynching legislation, the black scare, and horrific race wars, African Americans were able to reach new heights. An African American wealthy class was formed, more were becoming educated, and they showcased their talents through art, music, and literature. African Americans during the Harlem Renaissance began to change the Negro into the New Negro that they wanted to be.

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