Michelle Alexander, in her book, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness, examines the development of institutionalized racism following the war on drugs, and how it has created what Alexander calls a “New Jim Crow era,” or a racial caste in the US. Alexander describes this undercaste as, “a lower caste of individuals who are permanently barred by law and custom from mainstream society,” (Alexander, 32). Not only is this because of mass incarceration rates among black men, but extends to the effects that these branded felons must face beyond prison walls. By checking the well known box on any application, it has become legal for almost any institution or corporation to discriminate against a marked felon. Alexander notes that, “Once you’re labeled a felon, the old forms of discrimination – employment discrimination, housing discrimination, denial of the right to vote, denial of educational opportunity, denial of food stamps and other public benefits, and exclusio...
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... Jane Crow: Reproductive Rights in the Age of Mass Incarceration." American Journal Of Public Health 103.1 (2013): 17-21. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Apr. 2013.
Rios, Victor M. Punished: Policing the Lives of Black and Latino Boys. New York: New York University Press, 2011. Print.
Simmons, Michaela. "Voices on the Outside: Mass Incarceration and the Women Left Behind." International Journal Of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 6.4 (2011): 71-83. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Apr. 2013.
Thompson, Heather Ann. "Why Mass Incarceration Matters: Rethinking Crisis, Decline, and Transformation in Postwar American History." Journal Of American History 97.3 (2010): 703-734. Academic Search Premier. Web. 12 Apr. 2013.
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