The New Jersey Plan for the Constitution Essay

The New Jersey Plan for the Constitution Essay

Length: 777 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

For five years after Revolutionary war each state basically governed themselves. Although there was national government in place, it held little power over the states. It soon became apparent that the Articles of Confederation needed to be readdressed to combat the increasing problems that were brewing in the country. The first attempt to redress was dismissed by many of the states. Nevertheless, a second attempt produced results with twelve of the states sending delegates to redress the Articles of Confederation. Several delegates submitted plans for consideration that would strengthen the national government two such plans were the Virginia and the New Jersey Plan. Despite much of Virginia’s plan being accepted, if a compromise had not been reached the New Jerseys plan would have been more workable because it offered: equal representation of the states, provided operational means to congress, and was not a radical departure from the Articles of the Confederation.
To begin with the unequal representation of the states in the Virginia Plan was of great concern and controversy while the New Jersey Plan retained equal representation of the states. Virginia proposed a bicameral legislature that included elections by the people and appointments by those elected. This system used both wealth and population as a determining factor in regards to the number of seats in both houses. New Jersey on the other hand proposed single house legislature that allow each state a single vote. Votes based on population would put small states at a disadvantage. The states that were more populated would be in control of the legislative branches, leaving small states without a voice. Concerns about who was to be counted in the population also ...


... middle of paper ...


...lan workable would take agreement from the states and revenue. To get agreement from the states they would need assurance that they would have an equal voice and not be subjected to monarchy rule. In spite of the fact that most of the Virginia plan was accepted the New Jersey plan would have been more workable if a compromise had not been reached. The New Jersey Plan ensured equal representation of the states, along with way to finance the proposed government and security against monarchy rule. Furthermore it amended the Articles of Confederation rather than writing a new constitution. Considering all this coupled with the states fears of a centralized government makes the New Jersey plan more workable than the Virginia plan.



Works Cited
Sidney M. Milkis, Michael Nelson. The American Presidency Origins & Development, 1776-2011. Washington DC: CQ Press, 2008.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Virginia Plan And New Jersey Plan Essay

- Our National government has gone through a lot of changes since it was first created in 1781. The Articles of Confederation was created as the nations first national constitution, however it lacked certain powers and ultimately wouldn’t survive. However delegates from the thirteen states were determined to amend the articles, so our government would survive and flourish. The problem was that there was a problem between two proposed plans, the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. The Virginia Plan leaned larger states with larger populations and the New Jersey Plan didn’t favor either side, just wanted equality among the states....   [tags: American Revolution, United States]

Better Essays
2233 words (6.4 pages)

An Essay on the Constitution

- After gaining independence, Americans created a unique government. Purposefully diverging from the seams of a monarchial government, Americans created a new one from the ideas of republicanism. Under the Articles of Confederation, the power was given to the states as opposed to a centralized government. However, this made it difficult to raise revenue. Without the power to tax, congress could not pay back debts. Also, needing nine out thirteen votes from the states to pass a law made it almost nearly impossible to get anything done....   [tags: American Constitution]

Better Essays
1036 words (3 pages)

Essay on The Confederation And The Constitution

- In this essay I will be discussing the Confederation and the Constitution. The articles of Confederation were diminished in comparison to the Constitution we all know today. Under the Articles, the federal government was weak and limited in power. A major issue was that congress could not collect taxes; they could only merely request funds from the states. The national debt was growing and soldiers needed to be paid for their service. Congress had only one representative for each state. This meant that a populous state would not be represented fairly with respect to its population....   [tags: United States Constitution]

Better Essays
923 words (2.6 pages)

The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution Essay

- The Articles of Confederation was technically the first Constitution for this new country. The fear was giving too much power to a central government as with Britain. Per Article II, “Each state retains its sovereignty, freedom, independence, and every power not specifically granted to the new Congress.” (The Articles of Confederation, 2015) Congress had the ability to create treaties and alliances with other countries, create post offices, create money, and build a central military. Since it did not want to levy the taxes as Britain had, it requested funding through the states....   [tags: United States Constitution, United States]

Better Essays
1249 words (3.6 pages)

The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution Essay

- The Articles of Confederation and the Constitution After winning independence from Great Britain in 1776, the United States was in need of an organized national government, clearly defined in written form. The first Continental Congress drafted the Articles of confederation the following year, though it would not be ratified until 1781. The Articles provided the framework for a centralized government but ultimately were not strong enough to enforce its own requirements. A new constitution was needed....   [tags: United States Constitution, United States]

Better Essays
1544 words (4.4 pages)

The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution Essay

- There were many differences between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. At the end of the American Revolution the free states needed some sort of control that would generate to a unified country. Issues arose such as: How should power be divided between local and national governments. How should laws be made, and by whom. Who should be authorized to govern those laws. How could the government be designed to protect the unalienable individual rights. Their first attempt at solving this issue was the Articles of Confederation, which was a failure for the most part, but not completely....   [tags: United States Constitution, United States]

Better Essays
1390 words (4 pages)

Essay about The Articles Of Confederation And The Constitution

- There were many differences between the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. At the end of the American Revolution the free states needed some sort of control that would generate to a unified country. Issues arose such as: How should power be divided between local and national governments. How should laws be made, and by whom. Who should be authorized to govern those laws. How could the government be designed to protect the unalienable individual rights. Their first attempt at solving this issue was the Articles of Confederation, which was a failure for the most part, but not completely....   [tags: United States Constitution, United States]

Better Essays
1390 words (4 pages)

The Father of the Constitution Essay examples

- James Madison most notorious for his title of father of the Constitution was born on March 16, 1751 on a small plantation in Virginia. In his early life James Madison was very sickly suffered from psychosomatic, or stress-induced, seizures that accompanied the treat of Indians attack during the French and Indian War. This all changed James Madison Sr. acquired a good amount of money by marrying the daughter of a rich tobacco merchant Nelly Conway. They moved into the large plantation Montpelier, with seven younger siblings he was very studious and hardworking earning him the chance to study Princeton which was then called The College of New Jersey....   [tags: James Madison]

Better Essays
1100 words (3.1 pages)

The United States Constitution And The Bill Of Rights Essay

- The United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights are the most important documents in the history of the United States. Seen as the framework of the United States, the Constitution contains and does many vital things to ensure the well-being of the country and the relationship between the government and “we the people.” But, the Constitution was written in the 18th Century with the concerns of the time in mind. It is now the 21st Century and we see new concerns that were not even close to an idea in the heads of the founding fathers....   [tags: United States Constitution, United States]

Better Essays
1190 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on The Constitution

- The Constitution of the United States was made from scratch in 1787. Benjamin Franklin, George Washington, and James Monroe were some of the most prominent and popular of the founding fathers that helped make it. The Constitution has many elements of it that were a compromise between different factions with in the colonies. Most of the delegates tried to look past their own partial interests in order to create a strong national government for the people. James Madison the "father of the Constitution" drafted a proposed plan of national government....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
804 words (2.3 pages)