Essay about The New England And Chesapeake Region

Essay about The New England And Chesapeake Region

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Throughout the 1600s and 1700s, the English nation began colonizing a large part of the American East Coast. Even though the New England and Chesapeake regions were both settled by the English, the two regions developed differently due to the contrasting reasons for settlement. The settlers in the New England region sought out religious freedom opposed to pursuit for economic liberty in the Chesapeake region. The different reasons for settlement caused the two regions to have many unique variances and similarities in their religious beliefs, financial goals, and toleration.
During the 1630s, the Great Migration, a period of English colonist migrating to Massachusetts Bay Colony and the islands of the West Indies, many Puritans and Separatist left England in pursuit of religious freedom from the Church of England. The Puritans wanted to “purify” the Church of England of all Roman Catholic practices and the Separatist wanted to be separate from the Church of England. Religious conflicts with the Church of England became worse when King Charles I disbanded Parliament, causing many Puritans and Separatists to leave for the New England region as the religious and political conflicts became inimical (doc. 2). The Massachusetts Bay Colony was created by the Puritans in the New World as a place for religious freedom from the Church of England. The colony, described as a “City upon a Hill”, had intentions for the region to be a model of the Puritan lifestyle for the rest of Europe to follow (doc. 1). The Puritans believe in predestination and followed strict guidelines and rules to live a holy life without impurities. “Blue Laws”, in Connecticut, were established prohibiting certain activities on Sunday, which was the day of rest in their...


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...Act of Toleration was put into place in 1649, in Maryland. The Act of Toleration supported all Christians but ordered the death of to those who denied the divinity of Jesus. Anyone who was not accepted under the Act of Tolerance was given a ridiculously high fee, if the person could not pay, they were to be publicly whipped and imprisoned without bail.
The diverse reasons for settlement in both regions helped create two unique societies with some characteristics that are still present today. The New England region and Chesapeake regions both split off in different directions with different ideas on how to create a settlement. Regardless of the fact that the two regions were created by the same nation, both were influenced by unique factors. Religion was a major influence in New England’s development but had little impact on the Chesapeake’s economics centered views.

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