The New Deal Essay

The New Deal Essay

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In the Presidential election of 1932, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the Democratic nominee and the former governor of New York, emerged victorious over the existing president and Republican nominee, Herbert Hoover. The results of this election indicate two major beliefs of the American populace at the end of Hoover’s first term as president: First, American citizens were displeased with the manner in which Hoover decided to handle the nascent economic crisis which manifested itself during his presidency and would later become known as the Great Depression. Second, the citizens of the United States of America expressed enthusiasm and a sense of hope for Roosevelt’s platform of reform and economic stimulus. After his victory in this election, Roosevelt stated, “Throughout the nation men and women […] look to us here for guidance and for more equitable opportunity to share in the distribution of national wealth. […] I pledge you, I pledge myself to a new deal for the American people” (Davis 335), coining the term “The New Deal”, which was used to describe his domestic policy of recovery; however, the only thing new about the New Deal was the manner in which it was implemented and the volume of legislation which it encompassed. Taken as a whole, Progressivism serves as a precedent for the New Deal, since both attempted to federally regulate various aspects of the economy and social life. Additionally, many precursors to the individual New Deal programs can be found in the archives of history.
Although this theory may seem groundbreaking and shocking, it should also seem natural that a man who studied at Harvard during the Progressive Era would be highly influenced in his political decisions by the ideology of the Progressives. H...


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...urt Packing Plan seemed to influence the Supreme Court in favor of the New Deal, as the constitutionality of both the Wagner Act and the Social Security Act was upheld (Brinkley 708).
Second, while the reforms of the Progressive movement targeted numerous different cohorts of American citizens, was never considered a coherent program, and did not posses a common goal, the New Deal was created for the assistance of the American population in general. Nearly every American citizen felt the effects of the stock market crash of 1929 and the resulting depression in some way. Many people lost their jobs, as the national unemployment rate skyrocketed to its all-time high of nearly twenty percent, with specific communities suffering even greater, as the unemployment rate in Cleveland, Akron, and Toledo were fifty percent, sixty percent, and eighty percent respectively.

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