As a reader, it is given only Kathy’s perspective, which makes it difficult to know the history of the society, and how the donation program began. Since our understanding is to segregate the parentless, cloned children from the society until Kathy learns this herself. Kathy herself does not explicit question her origin, but rather notes and accepts the mysteriousness of it “There was an unspoken agreement to allow for a mysterious dimensions (Ishiguro, 2006, p. 123).” Much of Kath’s life as a child hailsham is marked by a vague awareness that she does not know the full story about herself and her friends. Nonetheless, she only tiptoes around asking questions and communicating her sense of being kept in the dark. We do learn that cloning technology was developed sometime in the 1900’s and that it was employed for the purpose of providing people with new organs. In this novel, The directors of Hailsham scrutinize th...
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...rrates the novel in her first person perspective, I as readers have access to her consciousness in a way that allows us to confirm her personhood. We could apply the Conditions for personhood to Tommy and Ruth based on the interaction Kathy has with them, but our access to them is limited because what they do and say is filtered through Kathy’s account.
However, If Kathy’s friends were to also meet the conditions for personhood, and then the donation program would be morally impermissible because it harms and ultimately kills people who are indistinguishable from non-clones. Having proven Kathy’s personhood, we can claim she is fully human in biological as well as psychological terms. We can determine that she is biologically human, because her organs and the organs of the other donors are presumably compatible with the bodies of the Homo Sapiens to whom they donate.
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