The Neo Wittgensteinian Theory Of Art Essay

The Neo Wittgensteinian Theory Of Art Essay

Length: 1478 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Among the many theories of art that have emerged over time, the theory I will defend in this paper is the Neo-Wittgensteinian theory of Art. I will defend this view against the following (two) objections: a) The “open concept” idea of art is too expansive, and b) the “family resemblance” theory of artworks is also too expansive.
The Neo-Wittgensteinian theory of Art has been modeled mainly after the ideologies and teachings of Ludwig Wittgenstein, a philosopher and logician from Austria. Much of his work focuses on the validity of the use of language, which is applied to the argument I made in this paper. His language-games theory of “private language” can extend its argument to the study of aesthetics (“Individual Philosopher Philosophy”).
Theories of art prior to the Neo-Wittgensteinian theory tried to provide a complete list of criterion that “art” pieces must possess to qualify as “works of art”. As seen throughout the history of art, beliefs about what an artwork can be branded by and the important requirements of an artwork, has changed. For example, Plato and Aristotle’s Imitation theory of Art states the following: X is an artwork if X is an imitation. Everyone is aware that many works of art do not imitate anything; it is a universal fact. Music, amongst many other candidates, is a work of art that cannot imitate anything on this planet. As a result, the Representational theory of art was created to correct the mistake. It is as follows: X represents Y if and only if (a) X is intended to stand for Y and (b) the audience realizes this intention. However this too, poses a problem, as many works of art do not represent anything. Architecture or design patterns, for example, fail to represent any thought or intention, as dem...


... middle of paper ...


... fail to experience, while others don’t. Value pluralism states that the overall value of a piece of artwork consists of variations of certain values put together. As I stated previously, all pieces contain some measure of over-all aesthetic value through which we distinguish between artworks and non-artworks.
The use of language is also important in this argument. In a more modern context, the word ‘resemblance’ refers to appearance, while the word ‘similarity’ refers to other attributes, and also appearance. Objects may have some similarities but not resemble another object per se.
The Neo-Wittgensteinian theory of art has been criticized for being “too broad” with its “open concept” theory and its “family resemblance” theory. In this paper, I have explained those objections, and then responded to them using personal reasoning and evidence to back up my statements.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Rural Settlement in the Neo-Assyrian Empire Essay

- Empires are analysed more often than villages, in the same way that temples are analysed more eagerly than houses – both because they are more impressive, and because they are usually better preserved. This means that what we know about rural settlement is substantially less in comparison to other areas of archaeology, but not that rural settlement is therefore less meaningful. Due to the relations between rural and urban development our understanding of rural settlement in the Neo-Assyrian Empire can contribute to our view of the Neo-Assyrian Empire as a whole....   [tags: Neo-Assyrian Empire, archeology]

Strong Essays
2966 words (8.5 pages)

The Neo-Classical Organizational Theory Essay

- There are various organizational theories that attempt to evaluate the behavior of people in organizations, whether as a group or individually. The neo classical theory focuses on the needs of the workers and puts a premium on empowering employees in an effort to maximize their production (Colorado State University-Global Campus, 2010). Research by Sultana and Manivannan (2009) concludes that workers with institutional knowledge are a company’s most important company assets. A company needs to do what it can to retain these valuable assets, and neo classical thinking helped to spawn a new emphasis on job satisfaction and the social aspect of the workplace....   [tags: empowering employees to maximize production]

Free Essays
515 words (1.5 pages)

The Science Of Aesthetics And The Theory Of Art Essay

- The science of aesthetics cannot be well-defined until a certain set of “rules” are distinguished. Only then, will a theory of art be able to be established that will satisfy a specific set of individuals. Even if a work of art depicts something absurd or uncommon, someone is bound to find enjoyment in it as every individual has different perceptions of what should be deemed “good” or “bad”. Once this absurdity has been acknowledged and accepted, a new theory will surely emerge. Tolstoy goes on to say that because the theory of art is founded on beauty, it will only satisfy a certain group of individuals....   [tags: Art, Aesthetics, Visual arts, Feeling]

Strong Essays
997 words (2.8 pages)

The Neo-Scholastic Philosophy Essay

- “There is a direct relationship between people’s basic beliefs and how they view such educational components as the nature of the student, the role of the teacher, the best curricular emphasis, the most efficient instructional methods, and the social function of the school (Knight, 2006, p. 41).” Worldviews make up the foundation of human beliefs, and as a result, human action. Our worldview shapes everything that we say and everything that we do. As teachers, it is vitality important that we recognize our deepest philosophical beliefs as they guide how we interact with students, how we interact with our colleagues, what we teach, and how we teach it....   [tags: neo-scholastic and pragmatic philosophies]

Strong Essays
1131 words (3.2 pages)

Those Backwards Neo-Classicalists Essay

- Those Backwards Neo-Classicalists One of the principal themes of our class was that Neo-Classicalism is wrong, not only wrong but backward. It seemed that everywhere we turned we found one example after another that supported this conclusion. In a nutshell Neo-Classicalists believe that Capitalism is completely fair and that in a Capitalist system one can never be cheated. This erroneous theory extends even into the environment and pollution. The movie "Erin Brockovich" does a wonderful job of illustrating just how wrong the Neo-Classicalists are when it comes to this particular subject....   [tags: Neo-Classicalism Capitalism Capitalist Essays]

Free Essays
1077 words (3.1 pages)

Brutalism in Art Essay

- Modern Movement Architecture is the most visible way of art, and every building has a certain type of style that resembles and tells the story of the time and place they were built in. Several movements took place during the 19th/20th Century. Some of the movements were: Art Nouveau: It is characterized by having an abundance of odd shapes such arcs, curves, and designs. This style was prominent particularly in Paris, where the artist Siegfried Bing displayed this kind of style in the “Maison de l’Art Nouveau”....   [tags: Art]

Strong Essays
1098 words (3.1 pages)

Neo-Nazism in America Essay

- My topic is Neo-Nazism in America. Nazism, which is the body of political and economic doctrines held and put into effect by the National Socialist German Workers' party in the Third German Reich is at its highest peak since the destruction of Hitler's dictatorship in 1945. In the streets, Nazis are spreading fear by using murderous violence and terror. This group blames the cultural and ethnic minorities for the problems in our society. These individuals, and their political leaders, are a threat to our democracy, and to everything that is decent....   [tags: Neo-Nazis]

Free Essays
309 words (0.9 pages)

The Effect of Art Theories on Practice of Artists Essay

- The Effect of Art Theories on Practice of Artists Practice in art refers to the decisions and actions that affect choices, perceptions, ways of working and views of an artist or art historian. Tim Storrier sums up the practice of an artist by saying that "A painting is really a graphic illustration of where a particular artist is at that point in his life and the art encompasses what the artist has gone through in their life." On art historians and critics he says "Other people come along and interpret the painting with their own life experiences" The subjectivity involved in a critic or art historian's views are extremely high....   [tags: Art Theory Arts Artist ]

Free Essays
1831 words (5.2 pages)

A Look At Neo-Paganism Through Ethnography Essay

- An Ethnography of Modern Witches The growing practice of Neo-Paganism in America has caused many to turn their heads. The misunderstanding of the religion has caused many to equate the practitioners with the popular conception of typical "witches," that perform black magic rituals, satanic sacrifices, and engage in devil-inspired orgies. After many years, the Neo-Pagan community has cleared up many misconceptions through the showing that many of them do not engage in activities, and are rather participating in a religion, just as those would that participate in a Christian community....   [tags: Witches America Neo-Paganism Ethnography]

Free Essays
1800 words (5.1 pages)

Postmodern Art Essay

- Postmodern art decided to make revolutionary break with past and questioned previous theories known as “big narratives” of art, politics, economics and overall culture in order to create new theories. The big part of postmodern theory deals with the belief of preexistence of the art all around us. The artist is the one who can recognize these elements of art around as and synthesize them into the art work. This art work becomes object of interpretation which inevitably varies among different generations, social groups, national group, religious groups, and depends on some extent of the educational level of the observers and it is also different in the same individual in different times or en...   [tags: Art ]

Strong Essays
1781 words (5.1 pages)