Exposure to violence in from birth through the age of five, brings about helplessness and terror within a child, which can be attributed to the lack of protection received by the parent. The child can no longer trust their parent as a protector (Lieberman 2007). This lack of trust early in life can bring about serious problems later in life, as there is no resolution to the first psychosocial crisis, trust vs. mistrust. Children who witness domestic violence are at a great loss because their parents are most frightening to them at the stage in life when they are needed the most for support and guidance. The security of the child is shattered as their protector becomes the attacker and the child has nowhere and no one to turn for help (Lieberman 2007).
“Exposure to family … violence is...
... middle of paper ...
... connecting with other peers and creating interpersonal relationships. It is apparent and clearly shown that the children who witness domestic violence are likely to suffer from serious long term issues, but it must also be kept in mind that children are resilient and with the proper support can lead happy and fulfilling lives.
Adams, C. M. (2006). The Consequences of Witnessing Family Violence on Children and Implications for Family Counselors. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families , 14 (4).
Martinez-Torteya, C. , (2009). Resilience Among Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: The Role of Risk and Protective Factors. Child Development , 80 (2), 562-577.
Ybarra, G., Wilkens, S., & Lieberman, A. (2007). The Influence of Domestic Violence
on Behavior and Functioning. Journal of Family Violence, 22, 33-42.
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