Why use positive reinforcement?
Positive reinforcement is a method of presenting to children the appropriate behavior from the inappropriate behaviors. This is done by pointing out the correct behavior and giving some form of encouraging reward. The idea is that all behaviors are more likely to be repeated if they are followed by a “pleasant prompt”. Generally, people think this is limited to kind or nice words, but it is not so. The “pleasant prompt” can be anything that helps increase the likelihood that an accepted behavior will be repeated. This is important for the student, because it helps to identify the exact behavior that is wanted by the teacher. Often times, it is not clear to students the type behavior that they should be exhibiting, but positive reinforcement can help to show students.
Are we judging children’s behaviors?
Yes! Reinforcement has been used for many years by societies to teach children the mores of ...
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...ements that should be emphasized and understood when using positive reinforcement. First, be sure to recognize the difference between reinforcement and punishment. To increase the desired behavior, reinforcement should be used. Punishment is used to decrease unwanted behaviors. Second, when an adult begins to use positive reinforcement and ignoring the inappropriate behavior, some students may begin to exhibit behavior that get worst. This abnormal behavior is referred to as “extinction burst”. The student is acting out in an effort to generate the reinforcement they use to get from the adult. Thirdly, teachers and adults should use positive reinforces that are attainable quickly and easily. Sometimes, food is not accessible and is not appropriate so positive phrases work well. Lastly, inappropriate behaviors should always be ignored, unless they are dangerous.
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