This historical study will define the negative impact of Mao Zedong’s economic and cultural policies that defined the failed communist state and the rise of socialist/capitalist China. During the Great Leap Forward in the late 1950s, Mao was responsible for rapidly improving the industrial modernization of China, yet this policy resulted in poverty and famine. During the 1960s, the Cultural Revolution defined opposition to Mao’s economic policies, which utilized the state as a way to condemn political opponents, such as Deng Xiaoping, that defined the failure of the communist state. Mao’s downfall began to the era of Deng’s rise to power and the increasingly socialist policies that included trade and commerce with capitalist countries in the late 1990s. In essence, the capitalist/socialist nature of China’s economic interactions around the world defines the negative impact of Mao’s political legacy, which created the downfall of the communist state in the years after 1949.
Historically, China has suffered under the tyranny of European colonialism until the rise of the communist ideology under the leadership of Mao Zedong during the late 1920s and into the 1930s. The victory of the Communist Party of China (CPC) defined an era in which the promise of a collective state would serve the unite the Chinese people and bring them together against common foes, such as the nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) party and the Japanese invaders that constantly attacked China during the Second Sino-Japanese War. The underlying focus of communism was to derail the top-down economic hierarchy of the elite capitalist ...
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...eijing, through Jiang Zemin and his allies, who formed the largest, most powerful and most coherent faction in the Politburo. The city’s governing philosophy had gained national influence as well, stressing the importance of a strong, wealthy state (McGregor, 2011, p.153).
Clearly, the legacy of state totalitarianism has evolved from the experimental practice of communist ideology to the quasi-capitalist system of economics that had evolved into the 21st century. Not only did Mao fail to enact an authentic communist government during his own era, but also the Chinese state has evolved into the polar opposite in the capitalist state that manages the economy through major urban centers. These factors define the failure of the communist ideology through Mao’s legacy, and the slow shift towards a capitalist/socialist form of totalitarian government in the 21st century.
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