In 1919, the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was made which prohibited the sale and manufacturing of alcohol. Over half the United States already prohibited alcohol and this amendment made it official. This 18th Amendment went into effect on January 16, 1920. While it was the 18th Amendment that established Prohibition, it was the Volstead Act, passed on October 28, 1919, that clarified the 18th Amendment. The Volstead Act stated that, "beer, wine, or other intoxicating malt or vinous liquors or any beverage that was more than 0.5% alcohol by volume" (Hanson) was to be prohibited. The Act also stated that owning any item designed to manufacture alcohol was illegal and it set specific fines and jail sentences for violating Prohibition. After the Americ...
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