Despite this point of view, there are several arguments in favor of NEPs. First, there is a great deal of empirical evidence showing that such programs are effective. The introduction of NEPs in Australia, for example, resulted in a dramatic decrease in HIV infections between 1991 and 2000 as well as a substantial decrease in national healthcare costs (Loff & Wodak 1403). An international study commissioned by the Australian Commonweal...
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...nal Inmates: Transmission, Burden, and an Appropriate Response.” American Journal of Public Health 96(6), June 2006, 974-978.
Kelley, Margaret S., Sheigla Murphy, and Howard Lune. “A Cultural Impact of Needle Exchange: The Role of Safer-Injection Mentors.” Contemporary Drug Problems 28(3), Fall 2001, 485-507.
Loff, Bebe, and Alex Wodak. “Needle Exchange Programmes Beneficial in Australia.” The Lancet 360, November 2, 2002, 1403.
“Most Exchange Participants Aren’t Sharing Needles.” Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly 13(13), March 26, 2001, 7.
“Needle Exchanges Do Not Boost Drug Use, Study Says.” AIDS Alert 18(9), September 2003, 112-114.
Nelson, Roxanne. “Syringe Exchange Programmes Lower HIV Risk.” The Lancet 360, November 16, 2002, 1570.
“Research Shows Needle Programs Cut HIV Rates.” AIDS Alert 15(7), July 2000, 76.
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