"Affirmative action was first established in Executive Order 10925, which was signed by President John F. Kennedy on March 6, 1961 and required government contractors to "not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, creed, color, or national origin" as well as to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin" (US Equal Employment Opportunity Committee). Lyndon B. Johnson reinstated af...
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... quotas is a necessity in order to include equal opportunity and racial diversity in employment and educational institutions.
Executive Order 10925 - Establishing The President's Committee On Equal Employment Opportunity". U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved 5/2/2010.
Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965. Volume II, entry 301, pp. 635-640. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1966.
Stolovitch, Dara Z. 2007. Affirmative Advocacy: Race, Class, and Gender in Interest Group Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
United States Congress Joint Economic Committee. Invest in Women, Invest in America: A Comprehensive Review of Women in the U.S. Economy. Washington, DC, December 2010,p.80.
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