The research I will refer to uses a very specific parameter for people to be used in the studies. They are near death when they are clinically dead, have no heartbeat, are not breathing, or they are so physically compromised that they will die if their condition does not improve. Often they are unconscious at this point. Their experience has to occur at this point of near-death and it must be lucid and not fragmented memories. All of these conditions must be met in order for the experience to be considered a true near-death experience. Although everyone’s experience is different, there are twelve elements that occur during a near-death experience. Not all of them occur in each experience, but those that do occur generally happen in the order I will describe them. (Long and Perry, 2011, 5-6)
The first element is the out-of-body experience. In this experience, some element of consciousness seems to separate from the physical brain. Some people experience floating upward and watching the scene from above....
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...ody and Out-of-Brain?." Review of General Psychology 15.1 (2011): 1-10. Print.
"Introduction & Definition." FCA: Hypoxic-Anoxic Brain Injury. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2013.
Kotler, Steven. "Extreme States." Discover 26.7 (2005): 60-67. Print.
Long, Jeffrey, and Paul Perry. Evidence of the Afterlife: the Science of Near-death Experiences. New York: HarperOne, 2011. Print.
Mobbs, Dean, and Caroline Watt. "There Is Nothing Paranormal about Near-death Experiences: How Neuroscience Can Explain Seeing Bright Lights, Meeting the Dead, or Being Convinced You Are One of Them." Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15.10 (2011): 447-49. Print.
Roszell, Calvert. The near-death experience: in the light of scientific research and the spiritual science of Rudolf Steiner. Hudson, NY: Anthroposophic Press, 1992. Print.
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